Is China developed or developing?

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  • Created on: 12-08-14 10:53
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Is China a developed or a developing country?
Development refers to the improvement of different characteristics of a population, in
particular, certain aspects which would lead to the advance in a person's quality of life. This
involves a person's freedom to speak their mind and the first thing which immediately came
to mind was China's unique system called the One Child Policy. This is where the government
aims to reduce China's population by using strict rules and regulations. This is a clear example
that shows the lack of development of a person's human rights as women in particular are
forced to have abortions, even if they're reaching the end of their pregnancy. Other reasons
why China isn't fully developed is the fact that they have a large population of 150 million
people that live in all manners and at all economic levels. Subsequently, the members of the
population who are living in poverty will develop at a slower rate than the few who are richer.
This is a vital factor in China's development as a large percentage of China's population are
living in poverty. To be exact, 128 million Chinese were considered to be below the poverty
line in 2011. Development in China is simply not distributed, for example, provinces such as
Shanghai are really developed due to large foreign investment whilst provinces such as
Yunnan are as poor as African countries due to an undeveloped, agricultural economy.
More than half of China's population live in rural areas, at approximately 700 to 800 million
people. In Southern and coastal China, rural areas have seen increased development and are
beginning to catch up statistically to urban economies. This was due to an improvement in
standards of living after Deng's reforms, a modern industrial sector which stimulated
economic growth. This meant that township and village enterprises brought industrial
production to rural areas. Although, it could be said that the growth of China's economy
doesn't necessarily mean that people are happier and healthier in society, something which
is key to a country's development. . In the Northern interior and Western part of China, they
have remained at a low level of development due to their positioning. This is probably
because they aren't as near to transport links such as ports. Again, this shows us how
there's still an imbalance in development in China.
Development is all about the improvement of resources and China is still in need of an
advance in education, healthcare and social security. In particular, education needs
improvement as the attainment of higher education is very low. Only 5 percent of the
population has attained higher education compared to 42 percent in the USA. If less young
people in China have the opportunity to continue their studies onto an advanced level, this
means that it will be harder for them to find a job in the future, therefore decreasing their
quality of life. However, we can see that China is slowly improving their education system as
their financial input in public education has increased from 3.41% of its annual GDP in 2002 to
4% in 2012. This shows us that China is in the process of developing.
Personally, I think that it's clear that China is still in the process of developing, however,
China's development of Beijing has shown us how they have aspired to begin the
improvement of their country. The arrival of the Beijing Olympics triggered the development

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Beijing in 2002. Thirty two new buildings were built and thirteen were refurbished as well
as the construction of training centres and infrastructure projects. The National Stadium was
available for use after the games which meant that people's qualities of life were improved
as they had the opportunity to exercise and stay healthy.…read more


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