Internal economic development inequalities-China

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Geography global issues development
Internal economic development inequalities- China
China's development has benefitted the wealthy but this wealth hasn't reached the
poor. The gap between rich and poor in China is growing; China has a gini
coefficient of 0.47 (gini coefficient is a measure of how wealth is distributed
amongst a society 0=equality, 1=inequality) anything above a rating of 0.4 is
considered to be an indicator of serious inequalities.
China's services (housing, healthcare and social benefits) resulted from
privatisation and claiming rural land for industry which increased personal wealth
for some. GDP per capita in China is an average of $17,000 but the median GDP
per capita is $6000 suggesting the wealth is unevenly distributed. Privatisation
has meant that most people have suffered financially as they have had to pay for
their own public services.
Urban/rural gap in society- although China is becoming more urban 50.3% of its
population are still living in rural areas. Rural living relies on agriculture for their
main income keeping growth low. Residents have a disposable income of $898
compared to urban residents who have a disposable income of $2,900. Gini
co-efficient amongst rural areas has increased from 0.35 to 0.38 suggesting
inequality is growing.
China is becoming more economically developed overall, although this hasn't
prevented internal variations in economic development.


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