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Organic Chemistry - Introduction F322

1 Basic definitions for organic chemistry
Scope Organic chemistry is a vast subject so is split it into small sections for study. This
is done by studying compounds which behave in a similar way because they have a
particular atom, or group of atoms, (FUNCTIONAL…

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compound.
· can consist of - one atom -- Br
- a group of atoms -- OH - multiple bonds between carbon atoms C=C
· each functional group has its own distinctive properties

Q.2
The following list contains some molecular formulae. Draw out as many legitimate
structures for each and…

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H
CH C
C
C
C
CH C
C
C
C
NH
2
H carbon skeleton H
6

C
4

H
10

C
4

H
8

C
2

H
6

OC
3

H
6

OC
2

H
7

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NC
2

H
4

O
2
functional group

C
2

H
3

N

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2 F322
Organic Chemistry - Introduction Some common functional groups
GROUP ENDING GEN. FORMULA / STRUCTURE EXAMPLE
ALKANE - ane RH C C
C
2
H
6
ethane
ALKENE - ene C C
C
2
C C
O H
C
O
C N
N
O
H
4
ethene
ALKYNE -…

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H
5
OH ethanol
H ALDEHYDE -al RCHO CH
3
C O C
CHO ethanal
C KETONE - one RCOR CH
3
C
O
COCH
3
propanone
O H CARBOXYLIC - oic acid RCOOH
CH
3
C
O
COOH ethanoic acid
ACID
Cl ACYL - oyl chloride RCOCl CH
3…

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ethanamide
ESTER - yl - oate RCOOR C
O R
CH
3
COOCH
3
methyl ethanoate
NITRILE - nitrile RCN CH
3
S
CN ethanenitrile
AMINE - amine RNH
2
methylamine
NITRO - nitro RNO
2
C - NH
2
CH
3
NH
2
+
O
-
nitromethane
SULPHONIC -…

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Pages in this set

Page 1

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Page 2

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Organic Chemistry - Introduction F322

1 Basic definitions for organic chemistry
Scope Organic chemistry is a vast subject so is split it into small sections for study. This
is done by studying compounds which behave in a similar way because they have a
particular atom, or group of atoms, (FUNCTIONAL…

Page 3

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compound.
· can consist of - one atom -- Br
- a group of atoms -- OH - multiple bonds between carbon atoms C=C
· each functional group has its own distinctive properties

Q.2
The following list contains some molecular formulae. Draw out as many legitimate
structures for each and…

Page 4

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H
CH C
C
C
C
CH C
C
C
C
NH
2
H carbon skeleton H
6

C
4

H
10

C
4

H
8

C
2

H
6

OC
3

H
6

OC
2

H
7

Page 5

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NC
2

H
4

O
2
functional group

C
2

H
3

N

Page 6

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Page 7

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2 F322
Organic Chemistry - Introduction Some common functional groups
GROUP ENDING GEN. FORMULA / STRUCTURE EXAMPLE
ALKANE - ane RH C C
C
2
H
6
ethane
ALKENE - ene C C
C
2
C C
O H
C
O
C N
N
O
H
4
ethene
ALKYNE -…

Page 8

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H
5
OH ethanol
H ALDEHYDE -al RCHO CH
3
C O C
CHO ethanal
C KETONE - one RCOR CH
3
C
O
COCH
3
propanone
O H CARBOXYLIC - oic acid RCOOH
CH
3
C
O
COOH ethanoic acid
ACID
Cl ACYL - oyl chloride RCOCl CH
3…

Page 9

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ethanamide
ESTER - yl - oate RCOOR C
O R
CH
3
COOCH
3
methyl ethanoate
NITRILE - nitrile RCN CH
3
S
CN ethanenitrile
AMINE - amine RNH
2
methylamine
NITRO - nitro RNO
2
C - NH
2
CH
3
NH
2
+
O
-
nitromethane
SULPHONIC -…

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