Influence of Interaction with Peers on Adult Relationships.

Notes on the influence of interaction with peers on adult relationships, with research examples and evaluative points.

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  • Created on: 14-06-11 09:43
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Relationships -
Influence of interaction with peers on adult relationships:
Relationships with peers also have an influence on later adult relationships.
Peers become more influential as a child progresses into adolescence, playing a
significant role in an individual becoming an independent adult, and helping to
develop social skills, including those needed for adult relationships. Peer
relationships do not replace adult attachments; they should be seen as just
another type of attachment.
Peer relationships differ from attachments with adults as they are horizontal
relationships between individuals of an equal status.
There are two stages to the development of adolescent peer relationships. First,
friendship cliques form of small groups of the same sex around twelve years of
age. At about age fourteen, several cliques of both sexes merge together to
form groups. From these groups, individuals may form romantic couples.
Meier et al (2005) found that both type and quality of adolescent
relationships relate to type and quality of adult relationships,
suggesting a strong link between the two.
Hartup (1996) reported that popular children had positive
developmental outcomes, whilst unpopular children did not, which
could contribute to the quality of adult relationships.
Bagwell et al (1996) found that poor-quality friendships were linked
with low self esteem, while good-quality friendships were linked with
high self esteem, and important factor in having the confidence to build
successful adult relationships.
Hartup (1993) found that popular children with many friends among
their peers were more socially able and were better at forming
Kahn et al (1985) found that students who had not developed a strong
identity (due to poor attachment experiences in infancy) had less success
in later relationships. Males were likely not to get married, and females
were likely to end up separated from their partners.

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Collins and Van Dulmen (2006) found that experiences in early
relationships with both parents and peers influence the quality of young
adult romantic relationships, with both offering opportunities to learn
expectations, skills and behaviours affecting relationship quality.
Connelly and Goldberg (1999) found that the level of intimacy in peer
relationships laid the foundations for the degree of intimacy in young
adult relationships.…read more

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Leaper (1994) believes that girls' and boys' peer groups emphasise
different styles of relating, affecting the amount of opportunity for
learning skills important for adult relationships. Girls' peer groups
emphasise turn taking and mutual decision making and may be more
influential, suggesting a gender difference in how peer groups affect
adult relationships.…read more



great evaluation - really helpful thanks 

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