Relationships Effects of Early Experience and Culture - PSYA3

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  • Created by: Tasleem
  • Created on: 15-01-13 11:53
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  • Effects of early experience and culture
    • Influence of childhood experiences
      • The internal working model
        • Internal models influence expectations
        • Love Quiz: securely attached people are happier in adult relationships
        • Security of attachment - later relationship satisfaction
      • Interaction with peers
        • Interaction helps children learn about themselves
        • Importance of friendship - acceptance and trust
      • Evaluation
        • Research evidence for attachment styles - adult relationship quality (Fraley 1998)
        • Attachment disorders - later relationship difficulties
    • Relationships in different cultures
      • Categorizing cultures
        • Individualism
        • Collectivism
      • Relationships in different cultures
        • Western individualistic - voluntary relationships
        • Non-Western collectivist - arranged marriages
        • Universal love: Jankowiak and Fisher (1992)
        • Collectivist vs Individualist on importance of love
        • Adaptive value of love - Pinker (2008)
        • Rising divorce rates in collectivist cultures
      • Evaluation
        • Individualism vs Collectivism: no longer useful distinction
        • Problem with acculturation among adolescents in immigrant communities
        • Myers et al (2005): Satisfaction in voluntary and arranged marriages
        • Difference in divorce rates
    • Influence of adolescent experiences
      • Relationship with parents
        • Parents act as role models for intimate relationships
        • Mother-daughter post divroce
        • Father-son post divroce
      • Interaction with peers
        • Peer relationships more significant in adolescence
        • Peers become replacement attachment figures
        • Peers important for healthy identity development
      • Evaluation
        • Madsen (2001) importance of peer relationships
        • Negative side of adolescent relationships
        • Timing of relationships is more importance than quantity

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