Individual Differences Approach & Studdies Summery


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  • Created on: 01-06-11 12:11
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Assumption - To understand the
Individual complexity of human
behaviour it necessary to
Differences study the differences
between people rather than
just the similarities.
- Human beings have as many
differences between them as
they do similarities.
Approach Studies Strengths Weaknesses
Rosenhan Psychometric tests allow Labelling is unethical
Individual Thigpen and Cleckley differences to be measured Situational factors are ignored
Griffiths objectively
Differences Contributions to development of
Important Background
- Case study provided evidence for case of
MPD, condition was so rare some clinicians
doubted its existence.
- MPD is a neurosis as individuals have
psychological problems with anxiety but
Individual Thigpen & Cleckley: A Case still in touch with reality. Existence of more
Differences of Multiple Personality than 1 personality within one individual,
Disorder. may be unaware of each other, each
personality has different memories,
perceptions, abilities.
- Significant information can be forgotten,
this is called a fugue.

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Mental disorders difficult to diagnose as
identifying abnormal behaviour is tough.
Rosenhan: On being sane in - DSM, diagnostic and statistical manual of
insane places. mental disorders is used to classify mental
disorders. Rosenhan wanted to prove it
was not reliable.…read more

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Some of the regular players recruited gamblers who may be addicted to
via a regular gambler known to Griffiths. playing fruit machines.
- Regular gamblers: 29 males and 1
- Non regular gamblers: 15 males and 15
`Regular gamblers': gambled on fruit
machines at least once a week.
`Non-regular gamblers': gambled on fruit
machines once a month or less
Rosenhan .…read more

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