Individual Differences Approach

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  • Created by: amber
  • Created on: 21-04-13 12:23
Assumptions of the Individual Differences Approach
To understand the complexity of human behaviour and experiences it is necessary to study the differences between people rather than those things that we all have in common e.g. personality differences,abnormality
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Implication of the Individual Differences Approach
By assuming that everyone is different, it makes it very difficult to predict behaviour in any given situation
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Strength 1 of the Individual Differences Approach
Useful for improving the experiences of people with mental health problems (Rosenhan)
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Strength 2 of the Individual Differences Approach
The development and use of psychometric test to measure the differences between individuals in qualities such as personalities and intelligence (Thigpen and Cleckley)
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Strength 3 of the Individual Differences Approach
It allows psychologists to learn about human behaviours because all human behaviours, not just average ones, are studied.(Griffiths)
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Weakness 1 of the Individual Differences Approach
Techniques used are not fully objective and thefore open to bias,making validity of results questionable.(Thigpen and Cleckley)
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Weakness 2 of the Individual Differences Approach
Ethical issues raised labelling people as being different,-creates divisions (Rosenhan)
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Weakness 3 of the Individual Differences Approach
It is difficult to define and measure individual qualities such as personality and intelligence (Thigpen and Cleckley)
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Similarities of the Individual Differences Approach
Studies:Rosenhan and Griffiths; Similarity: conducted in natural environments e.g. Rosenhan-looked at behaviour of staff in 12 psychiatric hospitals in America, Griffiths: conducted in real gambling arcade in Exeter,Devon
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Differences of Individual Differences Approach
Studies: Rosenhan and Thigpen and Cleckley; Difference: Sample e.g. Thigpen and Cleckley only studied Eve White 25 year old woman, Rosnenhan- any of staff on duty at the time in 12 hospitals
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Studies that take this Approach
Rosenhan,Thigpen and Cleckley + Griffiths.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

By assuming that everyone is different, it makes it very difficult to predict behaviour in any given situation

Back

Implication of the Individual Differences Approach

Card 3

Front

Useful for improving the experiences of people with mental health problems (Rosenhan)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The development and use of psychometric test to measure the differences between individuals in qualities such as personalities and intelligence (Thigpen and Cleckley)

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

It allows psychologists to learn about human behaviours because all human behaviours, not just average ones, are studied.(Griffiths)

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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