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How accurate is it to say that Lenin's leadership was the most important reason for the Bolshevik's
success in the revolution of November 1917?
Lenin's Return to Russia
During the February Revolution living in exile in Switzerland.
arrived in Petrograd on the evening of April 3, 1917.
His arrival was enthusiastically awaited
expressed hostility toward most of them, denouncing both the provisional government and
the Petrograd Soviet that had helped to bring about the change of power
He considered any who stood outside his own narrow Bolshevik enclave to be his sworn
enemies and obstacles to the "natural" flow of history.
The October Revolution
1. Provisional Government problems
The Bolsheviks succeeded because the Provisional Government was weak and unpopular
(remember that Government That's Provisional Will Be Killed)
When it was attacked, nobody was prepared to defend it.
Although the palace was defended weakly by the junker cadets, most of the Bolshevik
soldiers were unwilling to fire on fellow Russians or on the buildings of the Russian capital.
negotiated with the junkers, eventually convincing many of them to give up.
Although some accounts claim that a few shots were fired, little or no violence ensued
`Peace, Bread, Land' and `All Power to the Soviets'.
Other parties claimed they could never deliver their promises, but their arguments were too
complicated for people to understand.
This meant that they got the public's support.
gave several speeches calling for the overthrow of the provisional government.
goal: to place Russia under Bolshevik control as quickly as possible. "All Power to the Soviets"
he sought to agitate the masses against the provisional government. In formulating his
strategy, Lenin believed that he could orchestrate a new revolution in much the same way
that the previous one had happened, by instigating large street demonstrations
Though the soviets were primarily a tool of the Mensheviks and were giving Lenin little
support at the moment, he believed he could manipulate them for his own purposes.
The party ran its own propaganda machine, including the newspaper Pravda (`Truth'), which got their
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The Germans financed the Bolsheviks because they knew that Lenin wanted to take Russia
out of the war.
This gave them the money to mount their publicity campaigns
· government of Germany deliberately facilitated Lenin's return to his homeland in the spring
of 1917. Without question, the German leadership did so with the intent of destabilizing Russia.…read more