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Treaty of Versailles and Peace Making
The Treaty of Versailles

January 1919 27 victorious allied powers meet in Versailles to make peace treaty (Germany
was not present)

The people present at this conference were: George Clemenceau, David Lloyd George and
Woodrow Wilson.

Clemenceau: the French President

He was 77, had…

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The Treaty of Versailles was signed on the 2
8th of June 1919 in the Hall of Mirrors in
Versailles, the same place where Germany had first been established in 1870.

Article 231 angered and humiliated the Germans. It forced them to accept the blame for the
war and would…

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Limits on the Armed Forces:

The Treaty hugely restricted the German Armed Forces. They were only:

Allowed 100,000 men in their army

Not allowed the use of
conscription in the future. All soldiers had to volunteer.

Not allowed any submarines or aeroplanes.

Only allowed 6 small battleships

Not allowed to…

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The idea was that they would prevent another World War from breaking out.

Extra Points:

Germany was not allowed Anschluss with Austria and Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania were
made independent states.


Germany lost 10% of it's land.

It lost all of it's colonies.

12% of the German population were…

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Covenant Aims:

To prevent aggression by any nation
To encourage cooperation between nations

Work towards international disarmament
Improve people's living and working conditions

When the League of Nations was originally formed there were 4
2 countries. By 1930
membership had increased to 60.

Bodies of the League of Nations:


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They solved many issues peacefully including: cutting down slavery in Burma and
The also cut down 4 large drug dealing companies in Switzerland and they reduced the
impact of Malaria and Leprosy.


The USA did not join the League.

did not join the League until 1934…

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The Japanese set up a puppet government and placed the last emperor Pu Yi in control of
the province.


Japan suffered badly in the Great Depression

They were facing severe overpopulation growing at a rate of roughly 1 million people
per year
They couldn't feed their people and rice…

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It bordered two Italian Colonies of Eritrea
and Somaliland

The League of Nations and Abyssinia:

The League knew that Mussolini wanted Abyssinia.

In 1928 there had been a Treaty of Friendship between the two countries.

The League of Nations was scared to clash with Mussolini because:

Mussolini was France and…

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Whilst the crisis had been going on the League did not realise that Hitler had:

Reintroduced conscription in 1935

Remilitarised the Rhineland in March 1936


In 1936 the RomeBerlin axis was signed

In 1937 the AntiCommitern Pact was signed between Italy, German and Japan


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