Health & Social Care - Mental Disorders

These are the Health & Social Care Mental Disorders

  • Anorexia Nervosa
  • Bulimia 
  • Schizophrenia 
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Anorexia Nervosa
What is Anorexia Nervosa?
It is a serious mental health condition, in which people keep their body weight as low as possible.
Causes
Environmental Factors:
Going through Puberty
Living in a culture where thinness is desirable
Abuse
Biological Factors:
Malnutrition affecting balance of hormones
Brain becoming sensitive to the amino acid
tryptophan
Symptoms
Tooth decay/bad breath
Hard skin on knuckles
Excessive weight loss
Pain in abdomen
Intolerance to cold
Periods stop (Female)
Treatments
Medication ­ SSRI (Type of antidepressant) and Olanzapine (Reduce Anxiety)
Psychological ­ Cognitive Analytic Therapy, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Interpersonal
Therapy, Focal Psychodynamic Therapy (Make sure to look these up!)
Lifestyle Changes ­ Maintain a healthy weight, maintain a rational approach to dieting, knowing
how to avoid triggers, work on building a meaningful satisfying life and develop an effective coping
skill

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Impact on Individual
Physical ­ Dry skin, dry chapped lips, headaches, brittle fingernails, bruise easily, frail
appearance, Endocrine disorder, abnormally slow heart rate, abdominal pain, stunting of height
and growth, fainting, thinning of the hair, constantly feeling cold, and pallid complexion and sunken
eyes.…read more

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What is Bulimia?
Bulimia is an eating disorder where someone severely restricts the amount of food they eat and
then binge eats, then vomit, or uses laxatives
Causes
Low self esteem
Depression
Stress
Anxiety disorders
OCD
Posttraumatic stress disorder
Personality disorder
Symptoms
An obsessive attitude towards food and eating
Unrealistic options about body weight and shape
Depression and anxiety
Isolation ­ losing interest in other people
Treatments
Medication ­ SSRI (Antidepressants)
Psychological ­ Patients become depressed and can go to counselling, may GP's can offer…read more

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Physical ­ Ketoacidosis, seizures and fits, pancreatitis, electrolyte imbalance, cardia arrest,
suicide from depression and gastric rupture.…read more

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Schizophrenia
What is Schizophrenia?
Long term mental health condition, that causes psychological problems, such as delusions
muddled thoughts, and change in behaviour
Causes
Genetics
Brain development
Neurotransmitters
Pregnancy and birth complications
Stress
Symptoms
The presence of two or more of the following symptoms for at least 30 days…read more

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Hallucinations
Delusions
Disorganised speech
Disorganised or catatonic behaviour
Negative symptoms
Treatments
Medication ­ Antipsychotic drugs, neuroleptic drugs,
Psychological Cognitive behavioural therapy, art therapy, family therapy and counselling
Lifestyle Changes ­ Selfcare in an integral part of daily life, stay fit, maintain good physical and
mental health and can also benefit if they have support and selfcare
Impact on Individual
Physical ­ Likely to have loss of appetite and loss of hygiene, may gain weight.…read more

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Impact on Family
Physical ­ Parents may also be caring for other children and worry about how they are coping.…read more

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