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Anorexia Nervosa
What is Anorexia Nervosa?
It is a serious mental health condition, in which people keep their body weight as low as possible.
Causes
Environmental Factors:
Going through Puberty
Living in a culture where thinness is desirable
Abuse
Biological Factors:
Malnutrition affecting balance of hormones
Brain becoming sensitive to…

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Impact on Individual
Physical ­ Dry skin, dry chapped lips, headaches, brittle fingernails, bruise easily, frail
appearance, Endocrine disorder, abnormally slow heart rate, abdominal pain, stunting of height
and growth, fainting, thinning of the hair, constantly feeling cold, and pallid complexion and sunken
eyes.
Intellectual ­ Thoughts and routines change…

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Emotional ­ Confusion about their siblings changed behaviour, embarrassment about being with
their brother or sister, jealousy of their sibling's attention, resentment about not being like other
families and fear of developing mental illness
Social ­ Might take part in fundraising, and meet other families in the same situation
Financial…

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What is Bulimia?
Bulimia is an eating disorder where someone severely restricts the amount of food they eat and
then binge eats, then vomit, or uses laxatives
Causes
Low self esteem
Depression
Stress
Anxiety disorders
OCD
Posttraumatic stress disorder
Personality disorder
Symptoms
An obsessive attitude towards food and eating
Unrealistic…

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Physical ­ Ketoacidosis, seizures and fits, pancreatitis, electrolyte imbalance, cardia arrest,
suicide from depression and gastric rupture. Hair growth all over the body, bulimia teeth, chipmunk
cheeks, and scabby sores
Intellectual ­ Throwing up and weight loss are always at the front of the mind, and lack of
concentration
Emotional…

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Schizophrenia




What is Schizophrenia?
Long term mental health condition, that causes psychological problems, such as delusions
muddled thoughts, and change in behaviour
Causes
Genetics
Brain development
Neurotransmitters
Pregnancy and birth complications
Stress
Symptoms
The presence of two or more of the following symptoms for at least 30 days

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Hallucinations
Delusions
Disorganised speech
Disorganised or catatonic behaviour
Negative symptoms

Treatments
Medication ­ Antipsychotic drugs, neuroleptic drugs,
Psychological Cognitive behavioural therapy, art therapy, family therapy and counselling
Lifestyle Changes ­ Selfcare in an integral part of daily life, stay fit, maintain good physical and
mental health and can also benefit…

Page 8

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Impact on Family
Physical ­ Parents may also be caring for other children and worry about how they are coping.
Intellectual ­ May not be able to concentrate at work and paranoid and worrying
Emotional ­ Confusion about their sibling's changed behavior, Embarrassment about being with
their brother or sister,…

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