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01/03/2013 E. Singh
Haydn's String Quartet No.4 Op. 120: IV Finale (1781)
By the time Haydn wrote this quartet he had settled on a four-movement format; fast slow minuet finale.
Forces/Classical features Melody Harmony
Classical chamber music Folk/dance-like simply melody Strongly functional
2 violins, viola and cello blend well based on crotchets and quavers I and V used frequently e.g.
offering 4 part harmony and Scalic/arpeggio ideas e.g. b17-21 opening chord progression is I-V-I
textural variety Chromaticism of diatonic melody Frequent perfect cadences
No doubing throughout and no e.g. b9-12 Limited chromatic harmony e.g.
Baroque continuo. Double Melodic dissonance e.g. b18-20 diminished triad b69
stopping used and instruments Passing notes diatonic and Rare suspensions e.g. B flat in b14
play arco throughout but staccato unaccented (e.g. b3, D) and Slow harmonic rhythm at
lends to light music accented (e.g. B natural b13) beginning. Gets faster later in the
Periodic phrasing (questions and Auxiliary notes e.g. A in b4 opening, and also faster at b59
answers) Ornamentation e.g. acciaccatura b7 Prominent appoggiaturas e.g. b14,
Clear harmonic progressions, Staccato-and-slurs articulation 16
centred on I and V7, and regular make music crisp and buoyant Extended use of V pedals e.g. b16-28
cadences e.g. b35-36 (II-V7-I) (helped by time signature) it supports chromatic `colouring'
Appoggiaturas chromatic (B Can be described as monothematic
natural b161) and diatonic (G b165) and melody throughout is
Typical melody dominated developments of the following:
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Here's a taster:
Tonality Texture Rhythm Structure
b0-36 E flat As a Classical piece, First in compound Rondo! With first
b36-70 A flat, Fm (b48), E most is melody duple 6/8 metre refrain in rounded
flat (b54).…read more