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Page 1

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New York Kouros
Date: c.590 BC Archaic Period

Material: Stone

Similarities to Egyptians:

Same rigid pose arms straight by side, one leg advanced, head straight
forward.
Hair is the most detailed section.
Illdefined musculature. Simplistic anatomy unsophisticated & unrealistic
Differences:

Nude, not clothed.
Better proportioned, face more realistic and detailed…

Page 2

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A grave marker

Similarities to Kouros:

Same pose and height
Similar symmetry
Hair most detailed part.
Nude and made out of stone.
Advances:

Archaic smile.
More rounded form, replaced NYK incised features.
Greater realism/naturalism.
More shape to body.




Peplos Kore
Date: c.54030 BC

Material: Stone

Face more realistic and rounded…

Page 3

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Archaic smile gone!
Detailed hair.
Hair and eyes show influence from bronze statues eyes into sockets.
Head at an angle.




Tyrannicides (Tyrant Killers)
Date: c/ 477/6 BC

Material: Originally bronze have a copy.

Sculptures: Kritios & Nesiotes didn't know what they looked like but knew
Harmodius was a youth killed…

Page 4

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Artemisium of Zeus/Poseidon
Date: c.460 BC

Material: Bronze

Pose:

Intense expression
Head at an angle
Left hand out to aim about to throw a thunderbolt/trident (missing)
Good muscle definition.
Contrapposto, weight on left leg.
A more adventurous action pose sculptures during this period were more
interested in creating actions poses.…

Page 5

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Diskobolos
Date: c.46050 BC

Material: Marble, original bronze lost (allowed more
developed/ambitious pose)

Sculptor: Myron

Depicts a discus thrower about to release his throw.
Combination of dynamism and stillness.
Combination of curved/straight lines work against symmetry.
Back curved, contrast with zigzag on other side. Very asymmetrical.
No beard, young athletic…

Page 6

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Material: Marble

Sculptor: Paionios of Mende

Dedicated to Messians and Naupactians for victory over Spartan
Symbol of victory
Nike conventionally depicted as winged, flying down from the heavens.
Originally had wings, drapery used to give flight drama?
Wearing a peplos.
Originally placed on a triangular pillar 10m high (swooping down…

Page 7

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Diffusion of light on marble can be used to capture elasticity of flesh and marble.
Grapes held in right arm, Dionysus reaching. Foreshadows Dionysus' future role. (Element of wit)

Hermes is a young beardless man in lazy/languid pose. Off balance (Contrapposto).

More playful version of Eirene and Ploutos. Hermes: God…

Page 8

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Marathon Boy
Date: c.35025 BC

Material: Bronze

Athlete or Hermes?

Very exaggerated Contrapposto. Shows grace, gentle movement and agility.

Looking at what he's holding in left hand. Right hand holding
something/leaning. Inserted eyes give sense of life and expression.

Soft musculature. Raised heel.
Ribbon in hair with hornlike projection.
Twist…

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