Greek Sculptures

Brief overview plus pictures in order of all the sculptures!

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  • Created by: henrietta
  • Created on: 02-12-13 23:01
Preview of Greek Sculptures

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New York Kouros
Date: c.590 BC Archaic Period
Material: Stone
Similarities to Egyptians:
Same rigid pose arms straight by side, one leg advanced, head straight
forward.
Hair is the most detailed section.
Illdefined musculature. Simplistic anatomy unsophisticated & unrealistic
Differences:
Nude, not clothed.
Better proportioned, face more realistic and detailed (emotionless).
Completely freestanding & properly separated limbs.
Repetition on knees, eyes and eyebrow contours.
Symmetry along vertical and horizontal axis.
The Berlin Kore
Date: c. 57060 BC
Material: Stone
Symmetrical except for arms.
Different pose to male kouros.
Has the archaic smile appear more realistic.
Wearing clothes unlike male kouros.
Shoulders aren't overly feminine broad, not slender.
Holding a pomegranate a typical offering of time period.
Clothes:
Sleeves a finer material.
Clothes rigidly patterned, not asymmetrical.
Too heavy and straight to be realistic, no sense of body.
Still some stone left between arms.
Anavyssos Kouros
Date: c. 530 BC
Material: Stone

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A grave marker
Similarities to Kouros:
Same pose and height
Similar symmetry
Hair most detailed part.
Nude and made out of stone.
Advances:
Archaic smile.
More rounded form, replaced NYK incised features.
Greater realism/naturalism.
More shape to body.
Peplos Kore
Date: c.54030 BC
Material: Stone
Face more realistic and rounded archaic smile.
Shoulders are narrower.
Arm would have been outstretched, holding an offering.
Arm put into socket not carved from single block.
Hair is symmetrical but falls more naturally to give shape.…read more

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Archaic smile gone!
Detailed hair.
Hair and eyes show influence from bronze statues eyes into sockets.
Head at an angle.
Tyrannicides (Tyrant Killers)
Date: c/ 477/6 BC
Material: Originally bronze have a copy.
Sculptures: Kritios & Nesiotes didn't know what they looked like but knew
Harmodius was a youth killed in battle & Aristogeiton was a mature man
captured alive.
Story: In 514 BC they conspired to kill a tyrant first signs of democracy.
Failed died while trying to do it.…read more

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Artemisium of Zeus/Poseidon
Date: c.460 BC
Material: Bronze
Pose:
Intense expression
Head at an angle
Left hand out to aim about to throw a thunderbolt/trident (missing)
Good muscle definition.
Contrapposto, weight on left leg.
A more adventurous action pose sculptures during this period were more
interested in creating actions poses.
Over life size a god.
Problems:
Doesn't look good at every angle some bits look flat.
The torso, though detailed, doesn't reflect the actual action pose.
Riace Warriors
Date: c.…read more

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Diskobolos
Date: c.46050 BC
Material: Marble, original bronze lost (allowed more
developed/ambitious pose)
Sculptor: Myron
Depicts a discus thrower about to release his throw.
Combination of dynamism and stillness.
Combination of curved/straight lines work against symmetry.
Back curved, contrast with zigzag on other side. Very asymmetrical.
No beard, young athletic man.
Problems:
Pose is quite unnatural.
Torso doesn't reflect the contorted position.
Doryphoros (spear-bearer)
Date: c.440 BC
Material: Bronze, original bronze lost (wouldn't have had tree trunk support)
Sculptor: Polykleitos
Beardless, young man, athletic.…read more

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Material: Marble
Sculptor: Paionios of Mende
Dedicated to Messians and Naupactians for victory over Spartan
Symbol of victory
Nike conventionally depicted as winged, flying down from the heavens.
Originally had wings, drapery used to give flight drama?
Wearing a peplos.
Originally placed on a triangular pillar 10m high (swooping down from the
heavens).
2.16m high.
Transparency effect: Body revealed through clothing (wet look)
Modelling lines: Ridges of marble left on to help create impression of 3
dimensionality.
Motion lines: Wavy lines in drapery.…read more

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Diffusion of light on marble can be used to capture elasticity of flesh and marble.
Grapes held in right arm, Dionysus reaching. Foreshadows Dionysus' future role. (Element of wit)
Hermes is a young beardless man in lazy/languid pose. Off balance (Contrapposto).
More playful version of Eirene and Ploutos. Hermes: God of Trickery.
More slender and natural than Doryphoros. (Less defined musculature).
Luminous quality. Softer effect than bronze. Not so focused on movement.
Apollo Sauroktonos (Lizard Slayer)
Date: c.…read more

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Marathon Boy
Date: c.35025 BC
Material: Bronze
Athlete or Hermes?
Very exaggerated Contrapposto. Shows grace, gentle movement and agility.
Looking at what he's holding in left hand. Right hand holding
something/leaning. Inserted eyes give sense of life and expression.
Soft musculature. Raised heel.
Ribbon in hair with hornlike projection.
Twist of the head. S curve on torso.
Shows influence from Praxiteles similarities to Apollo Sauroktonos:
Pose & exaggerated Contrapposto
Youthful adolescence
Restrained muscle tone
Apoxymenos (man scraping himself)
Date: c.…read more

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