Greek History from Original Sources - Delian League to Athenian Empire

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Ancient Greece Revision ­ Classical Civilisation, exam May 25th 2011
1. ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENTS OF THE DELIAN LEAGUE
Thucydides 89.3 `Persians left their territory' in 480/479BC this source describes the formulating plans for the
structure of the Delian League. Mentions how Pausanias became very unpopular as a result of his greediness.
Thucydides 93.4 `He was the first who dared to say that the Athenians should take control of the sea, and he lost no
time in helping lay the foundations of their empire' ­ talking about Themistocles once Athens was dedicated leaders of
the League as a position to collectively secure Greece from Persian threat.
Thucydides 95.4 `[Pausanias'] behaviour seemed modelled on the tyrant rather than the general' and therefore the
whole of Sparta felt the consequences
Thucydides 95.7 `[Spartans] wanted to be rid of the Persian Wars and thought the Athenians were quite able to
exercise leadership and were currently friendly to them' highlights Athens is favourable
Plutarch 23.2 ­ `Pausanias' greed and harshness were particularly important in making the Athenians desirable'
Plutarch 23.4 ­ `Khians, Samians, and Lesbians, went along to Aristeides and tried to persuade him to accept the
leadership and take command of the allies who had long wanted to be rid of the Spartiates and to transfer their
allegiance to the Athenians'
Thucydides 96.1 `They made an assessment of which allied cities should provide money for the war against the
Persians and which were to provide ships'
Thucydides 96.1 `pretext for the alliance'
Thucydides 97.1 `They were leaders of allies who at first were independent' highlights that they became an empire
as this text is speaking in hindsight
Constitution of the Athenians [Aristotle] 23.5 `the Ionians swear oaths to have the same friends and enemies, oaths
over which they sank iron bars in the sea' binding contract the bars will forever be there
Plutarch 24.1 ­ `Greeks made contributions towards the war'
Plutarch 24.2 ­ `[Athens] assessed the contributions not only justly but in a way that was kind and fitting for everyone'
Old Oligarch 1.1 `they preserve their constitution well, and manage well... things which the rest of the Greeks think
are a mistake'
Old Oligarch 1.6 `the good spoke and served on the Council, [and] there would be excellent consequences for those
like them'
Old Oligarch 1.3 ­ ``offices...bring safety to the state' because they are `well performed'
Old Oligarch 1.2 `more power than the noble and rich, because it is the common people who row the ships and
render the city powerful'
Old Oligarch 1.8 `democracy would be best preserved' in the `best city'
Old Oligarch 1.8 `common people want not to be slaves... but to be free in control... [a democracy] enables the
common people to be strong and free'
Old Oligarch 1.12 `reasonable to give freedom of speech'
Old Oligarch `all these [different cultures, etc] have been brought together in one place'

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Ancient Greece Revision ­ Classical Civilisation, exam May 25th 2011
Old Oligarch 1.1 `give[s] no praise to their choice of this form of constitution, because this choice entails preferring
the interests of bad men to those of good men.'
Old Oligarch 1.5 `commonpeople': `among the common people are the greatest ignorance, illdiscipline, and
depravity ... [as a result they suffer a] lack of education and lack of learning'
Old Oligarch 1.9 ­ `the cleverest men make laws...the good will punish the bad...…read more

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Ancient Greece Revision ­ Classical Civilisation, exam May 25th 2011
Old Oligarch 1.14 `increasing power of the bad' as the `rule of the common people of Athens... deprive the good
men... take away their money, drive them into exile, and execute them...'
Old Oligarch 3.3 `money does get many things done in Athens... [without it] the city would not be capable'
3. THE RESULTS OF EMPIRE, FOR ATHENS & ALLIES
TRIBUTE, INSCRIPTIONS ETC.
Thucydides 96.297.…read more

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Ancient Greece Revision ­ Classical Civilisation, exam May 25th 2011
Old Oligarch 2.32.4 `ruled by fear' [2.3] where they may `ravage the lands' [2.4] upon necessity if those particular
polis were `more powerful' [2.4].
Old Oligarch 2.20 `bad men can escape detection far more easily in a democratic than in an oligarchic city'
4. METHODS OF CONTROL, MILITARY AND POLITICAL
1. Intimidation
2. Trade
3. Military monopoly
4. Settlements
5. Imposing democracy
6. Garrisons
7. Fines/ increase in phoros
8. Enslave
9.…read more

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Ancient Greece Revision ­ Classical Civilisation, exam May 25th 2011
The Kleinias Decree inscription ­ `identification tokens for the cities' control of phoros and `punishment' if failure to
do so
The Athenian Standards Decree inscription ­ `ensure hearings for those who have brought the accusation within
five days in each case'
The Athenian Standards Decree inscription ­ `citizen or foreigner... [may] lose his civic rights and his property..…read more

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