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Neena Rai ELECTORAL SYSTEMS GOVP1
PROPORTIONAL SYSTEMS (25)
INTRODUCTION
Electoral systems that produce a proportional outcome
DEFINITIONS Party List System & Single Transferrable Vote System­ used in European parliament election & the Australian senate
ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES
POINT Proportional outcome Breaks the link between MP's & their constituencies
Single transferrable vote & especially party list system
EXAMPLE EUelections 2014, labour got 24% vote & 27% seats Used in European parliament elections
Party bosses choose the candidate
Constituency only really knows candidate once they are
More representative…read more

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Neena Rai ELECTORAL SYSTEMS GOVP1
Not the case with Majoritarian electoral systems
POINT Can lead to a more representative government
Unlike FPTP (plurality) ­ 2015 election ­ only 29% mp's are
EXAMPLE
women
Party's can use list to no. of minority representatives
sent to parliament
EXPLAIN
e.g.…read more

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Neena Rai ELECTORAL SYSTEMS GOVP1
REFERENDUM (WIDER USE/DEMOCRACY = SAME ARGUEMENTS) (25)
INTRODUCTION
A public vote on a single issue of public policy or law. The public have the option of a `yes' or `no' vote. They are a form of direct
democracy rather than representative democracy. Up to parliament to decide when & if to hold a referendum. USA = called for by the
DEFINITIONS
public, using petitions. Most recent = 2011 AV electoral reform (no) & 2014 Scottish referendum (no).…read more

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Neena Rai ELECTORAL SYSTEMS GOVP1
Especially in case in USA, due to huge number of elections for
Britain leave EU, been a major issue for year ­ D.…read more

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Neena Rai ELECTORAL SYSTEMS GOVP1
FIRST PAST THE POST (25)
INTRODUCTION
Electoral system used in Westminster, general elections
Often referred to as the simple plurality system, as candidate needs to secure only one vote more than the nearest rival in order to be
elected in a single-member constituency
DEFINITIONS Was used in virtually all other elections in the UK before 1997
Widely criticised for its tendency to result in large numbers of wasted votes & for its lack of proportionality
Also used in USA ­…read more

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Neena Rai ELECTORAL SYSTEMS GOVP1
No vote - electoral reform referendum in 2011 E.g.…read more

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Neena Rai ELECTORAL SYSTEMS GOVP1
Thus, one party does not have complete control over legislation
More disputes & harder to pass legislation, slower process
EXPLAIN
Thus weak government
Candidates are expected to have a more general awareness of the debate surrounding electoral reform - The merits/demerits of various different types of systems: proportional, majoritarian,
& mixed (hybrid).…read more

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Neena Rai ELECTORAL SYSTEMS GOVP1
bosses have the power to put who
they want at the top of the list
e.g. friends can use this to favour
candidates who support the current
leadership
SING Proportiona
A proportional E.…read more

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Neena Rai ELECTORAL SYSTEMS GOVP1
Voters indicate a 1st
& 2nd choice from + Candidate needs to get broad Gives
candidates on ballot support & appeal to voters to Voters
Candidate winning 50% or more of 1st ensure that voters choose them as Choice
(SV) preference votes = automatically elected
the 2nd
preference e.g. 200
If no candidate secures overall majority of
London mayor ­ Borris J = 43.2 (1st
nd Mp,
1st preference votes, all candidates, bar pref) + 12.…read more

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