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Neena Rai ELECTORAL SYSTEMS GOVP1




GOVP1
TOPIC 2:

ELECTORAL SYSTEMS
POSSIBLE QUESTIONS ­ ESSAY PLANS (25 MARKERS)
NEENA RAI

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Neena Rai ELECTORAL SYSTEMS GOVP1




PROPORTIONAL SYSTEMS (25)

INTRODUCTION
Electoral systems that produce a proportional outcome
DEFINITIONS Party List System & Single Transferrable Vote System­ used in European parliament election & the Australian senate

ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES
POINT Proportional outcome Breaks the link between MP's & their constituencies
Single transferrable vote…

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Neena Rai ELECTORAL SYSTEMS GOVP1

Not the case with Majoritarian electoral systems

POINT Can lead to a more representative government
Unlike FPTP (plurality) ­ 2015 election ­ only 29% mp's are
EXAMPLE
women
Party's can use list to no. of minority representatives
sent to parliament
EXPLAIN
e.g. ethnic minorities &…

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Neena Rai ELECTORAL SYSTEMS GOVP1




REFERENDUM (WIDER USE/DEMOCRACY = SAME ARGUEMENTS) (25)
INTRODUCTION
A public vote on a single issue of public policy or law. The public have the option of a `yes' or `no' vote. They are a form of direct
democracy rather than representative democracy. Up to parliament…

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Neena Rai ELECTORAL SYSTEMS GOVP1

Especially in case in USA, due to huge number of elections for
Britain leave EU, been a major issue for year ­ D.C promised a numerous offices in the US from `president down to dog-catcher'
EXAMPLE
referendum by end of 2017, to resolve this matter…

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Neena Rai ELECTORAL SYSTEMS GOVP1

FIRST PAST THE POST (25)

INTRODUCTION
Electoral system used in Westminster, general elections
Often referred to as the simple plurality system, as candidate needs to secure only one vote more than the nearest rival in order to be
elected in a single-member constituency
DEFINITIONS Was…

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Neena Rai ELECTORAL SYSTEMS GOVP1

No vote - electoral reform referendum in 2011 E.g. 2010 resulted in a conservative, liberal democrat coalition
EXAMPLE

Easy to understand More so now an third parties are getting more involved
Ballot paper is simple ­ electors only vote once Plurality system = don't need…

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Neena Rai ELECTORAL SYSTEMS GOVP1

Thus, one party does not have complete control over legislation
More disputes & harder to pass legislation, slower process
EXPLAIN
Thus weak government


Candidates are expected to have a more general awareness of the debate surrounding electoral reform - The merits/demerits of various different types…

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Neena Rai ELECTORAL SYSTEMS GOVP1

bosses have the power to put who
they want at the top of the list
e.g. friends can use this to favour
candidates who support the current
leadership

SING Proportiona
A proportional E.S employing + High Proportionality
l
LE multi-member constituencies + High Voter Choice…

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Neena Rai ELECTORAL SYSTEMS GOVP1


Voters indicate a 1st
& 2nd choice from + Candidate needs to get broad Gives
candidates on ballot support & appeal to voters to Voters
Candidate winning 50% or more of 1st ensure that voters choose them as Choice
(SV) preference votes = automatically elected…

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