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2.3 Parliament, Roles and Legislation
Structure of Parliament
- House of Commons ­ 650 elected representatives
- House of Lords ­ Hereditary peers
Role of House of Commons
- Create legislation
- Represent general public
- Scrutinise Core Executive and House of Lords
How is legislation passed?
- Initial consultation…

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Why should Parliament be reformed?
- Government tackle its business more quickly = efficiency
- Improved working environment and time for MPs
- Removed outdates practices
- Needs to be strengthened to provide a better check on Gov
Problem with House of Commons
Increase power
- More influential
- Hold…

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Resources available to the PM
Prime Minister Office
- Handles engagements, relationship with Parliament & Gov departments
- Policy Unit: help of specific aspect of polcy
- Press Office: Handles media
- Strategic Communications Unit: spot pitfalls and coordinate announcements
Prime Minister approaches


Prime-Ministerial Presidential
Strength of Gov dependant on…

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Cabinet Prime Minister
They are heads of departments Leader of cabinet meetings sets the
(knowledge of policy for those agenda
departments) Decides who is in the cabinet
Collegiate style of government under (patronage)
John Major Collective cabinet responsibility
Collective cabinet responsibility Reduced cabinet times under Blair
They are involved in…

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Powerful Minister vs Powerful Civil Service


Powerful Minister Powerful Civil Service
- Representative of electorate ­ give them a - Permanence, no fear of losing job
mandate to be in power
- PM backing & support - Experienced
- Responsible towards Parliament - MP's serve minimum 5yrs
- Policy making…

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