Geography Decision making 2011 Practice question

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Geography Decision making 2011 Practice question
Section COptions for the future
3 Study the options for the fishing industry on page 24 in the Resource booklet
(a) Choose one option which you think would be best for the regions fishing industry
Option chosen: B
Justify your choice of this option as the best for the region
I feel option B is the best option for the fishing industry in the region for a variety of reasons. The
proposed idea of creating a `National park at sea' shown in figure 20, is the best and most
sustainable option for the future, which could protect threatened species such as mackerel and
herring. Such fish are declining shown on page 9 (figure 9) which shows the amount of pelagic
fish brought in by UK fishing at Fraseburgh has dropped from 1996 to 2008 by approximately 8
tonnes. This option is the most suitable for the region because as shown in figure 8 the amount of
fish in total brought in by UK vessels has greatly declined, this option will allow fishing stocks to
regenerate and grow in numbers in the suggested areas on figure 20 on page 20.
This option provides the necessary means for restoring the fishing stocks, this increase in fish and
biodiversity in the future could mean an increased amount of ecotourism. As stated on page 21
already one companyNorth 58 based in Banff who take tourists to see marine birdlife could
expand into taking tourists to see marine sea life via snorkeling and diving in controlled areas of
the sea. This would mean an increased attraction to tourists and more money in the local
This is an economically sustainable option because, in allowing the numbers of fish to grow
through the breeding areas and closed to fishing are shown in figure 20, in the future fishermen
will have a source of income. Though the option reduces the amount of jobs currently, in the
future it will sustain this primary sector of employment. As, if allowed to continue as it is now as
suggested in Option C fishing stocks will plummet as stated on page 13 by the EU 90% of the
surrounding seas have hardly any fish left now and will continue declining more so. Therefore
there will be very little source of income and a further loss of jobs in the future which means less
money for people and for the local economy.
The restriction of fishing in certain areas is a good idea environmentally because there will be less
destruction to the marine ecosystem. Figure 11 shows the effect of trawling on the sea floor,
beam trawlers leave 8cm deep tracks of destruction to the bed, yet because of this option they will
no longer operate in vulnerable areas allowing the sea floor to recover properly. Due to EU laws
25% of all creatures caught are thrown back into the sea dead or dying in what is called by catch
shown in figure 12 this is a colossal waste of sea creatures, yet once again due to areas being
closed to fishing as Greenpeace propose this will no longer happen in certain areas which means
this wastage no longer happens by Scottish fishermen. Moreover this reduces the chance of by
catching dolphins and small whales.
On the other hand options A and C were not viable because they put a continued huge strain on
the fishing industry. From 1996 to 2008 the amount of fish in tonnes brought in by UK fishing

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Geography Decision making 2011 Practice question
vessels have declined by 28.3% in ports in the region, thus potentially showing how the amount
of fish has declined North Sea.…read more


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