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Nature and Origin of Conflict
Key Terms

Challenge A task or issue that is perceived as being provocative or threatening to debate. The issues that
arise from challanges often cause alternative view to be expressed usually in a peaceful manner but some
issues may be extreme or polarised

Conflict A…

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Political Activity Groups within a country who seek to acquire and exert political power through government. Groups
called parties have a certain ideology and agenda to win elective office. Often involves debate for laws for example the house
of commons.

Terrorism The systematic use of fear among the public as…

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Planning processes are an attempt to provide a means by which local authority planners :

.Listen to the local community (more democratic)

.Listen to the organisation responsible for a proposal

.have overall development control

A local authority's refusal to grant planning permission may lead to an appeal by the developer,…

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.request additional provision of facilities ( such as better road access) that the developer or authority
would have to provide if the development went ahead, and that might placate local opposition.

Local Conflict Case Study: Conflict on a local scale:
Heathrow expansion
The reason for the conflict
Heathrow located on…

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The increasing amount of air travellers mean that the air travel companies will take an
increasing profit which is then TAX by the government which means that it will inject more
money into the economy, there would also be increased amount of job opputunites so
reduce the amount of unempolyed…

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She didn't want to lose the house which she lived in so she to direct action against the
Heathrow expansion which then she became part of a Climate Change camp and Greenpeace
to help the protest. She does not agree with the plans which have been made.

Chair of No…

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conflict which is disturbing the relative peace. He will find it hard to move in the current
climate due to having a big mortgage and house prices increasing.

Mechanic in Harlington

He's seen a lot of expansion of the airport and is not fazed by the expansion plans and says:…

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Not able to keep up with competition ­ The stopping of the expansion and the possible reduction in
the airport size will mean that Heathrow will not be able to keep up with it European competition.

Developers - These will be under pressure to come up with another solution which…

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Feb 2008: The fighting intesified with more rockets being fired and Israel attacks being launched
against the Hamas

27th December 2008: Israeli fighters performed air strikes on Gaza due to the continuous rocket fire
at Israel, the air strike caused 434 killed and 2,800 injured in the attacks

3rd Jan…

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There is pollution in the groundwater as the sewage is free flowing causeing damage to the
surrounding area which can damage plants mainly crops.

Multicultrual societies in the UK
Migaration of the ethnic groups leads to the creation of multicultural societies. In most
countries there is at least one minority…


Iqra H


Thanks for sharing your notes! I was looking for a case study for the Heathrow Expansion conflict and I finally found something!!! 

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