Slides in this set

Slide 1

Preview of page 1

Slide 2

Preview of page 2

Cinematography ­ Camera movements, lighting, single shots
· Editing ­ pace, structure, repetition.
· Mise-en-scene ­ props, setting, location, costume
· Performance ­ actors, body language
· Sound ­ narration, diegetic, non-diegetic, contrapuntal (contrasting but
adding new meaning)
· These aspects are all directly manipulated either by
technicians or by the director in order to maximize the
opportunity to ensure an audience is exposed to an
intended meaning.
· These are elements that are absolutely in the control of a
filmmaker: there should be nothing in a shot, scene,
sequence or film that is there accidentally, as all these
ingredients should have been within the filmmakers'
· They play a significant part in the construction of
narrative and genre…read more

Slide 3

Preview of page 3

Loose definitions:
· NARRATIVE: a structuring device, both across a
whole film and across a single scene or
sequence. The ordering of information within a
practical piece of work is of vital significance to
how a spectator will make meaning from it.
· GENRE: the use of signifying devices within a
practical piece of work that are recognizable as
belonging to a group of films. Use of codes and
conventions will help structure a work and
ensure that the spectator views it in terms of
other, similar, films.…read more

Slide 4

Preview of page 4

Storytelling expectations
· The use of narrative is one of the fundamental ways in
which we make sense of the world.
· Stories could be said to bring order and structure to our
otherwise chaotic experiences. As a result, as viewers
who are already familiar with the storytelling conventions
of narrative structure we approach film with definite
expectations. We expect to see a range of characters, or
character types, involved in a series of structured events
that occur in certain places and at certain moments in
time. There are likely to be problems and conflicts, and
these are likely to be finally resolved in some way after
having reached some climactic moment of confrontation…read more

Slide 5

Preview of page 5

Storytelling expectations
· Using The Matrix as an example:
· Equilibrium ­ Neo is introduced in his hum-drum world
· Dis-Equilibrium ­ Neo is `unplugged' and the `matrix' is
explained (Agents are the bad guys)
· New Equilibrium ­ Through a series of events, and
eventually when he is `resurrected' a new equilibrium is
established. The character and his `world' have
· Story arc
· Character arc…read more

Slide 6

Preview of page 6

· Usually, our concern in studying film will be with
works of fiction, narratives with characters and a
setting that are told to us in a certain way and
claim to represent the world to us.
· We need to consider the fundamental nature of
narratives, or stories, and the role and use to
which they are put within human society.
· Narratives seems to be integral to human
experience of the world. We constantly use
stories to make sense and to create meaning out
of our otherwise chaotic experiences. In telling
stories we give order and shape to a series of
events.…read more

Slide 7

Preview of page 7
Preview of page 7

Slide 8

Preview of page 8
Preview of page 8

Slide 9

Preview of page 9
Preview of page 9

Slide 10

Preview of page 10
Preview of page 10


No comments have yet been made

Similar Film Studies resources:

See all Film Studies resources »