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The Past Tense (Le Passé Composé)

Use: For something that happened recently (last Saturday I went
cycling) or for something that happened in specified period of
time (last Christmas I went to Florida etc.)

How to form it: le passé composé is sort of awkward because the
formation varies depending…

Page 2

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Arriver (to arrive)
Partir (to leave)

Monter (to go up)
Descendre (to go down)

Rester (to stay)
Tomber (to fall)

Mourir (to die)
Naître (to be born)

Retourner (to return)

Verbs like revenir (to come back) conjugate with être too because
it contains venir (to come). So any verb that…

Page 3

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Sortir sorti
Aller allé
Venir venu
Arriver arrivé
Partir parti
Monter monté
Descendr descendu
Rester resté
Tomber tombé
Naître né
Mourir mort
Retourner retourné

Then guess what? We add them together...I'll do it with aller then
well, do it yourself. It isn't exactly hard now is it?

Remember: add…

Page 4

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Now regular avoir verbs are pretty simple, they all follow a nice
pattern that forms the past participle. But the irregular ones are
well, irregular. We'll do those later.

First lets re cap how to conjugate avoir in the present tense (copy
and paste, I want to marry you).


Page 5

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Voiture is feminine, and in this case plural, so we add an e and an
s to vu. Note that the rest of the sentence also agrees with the
direct object.

-ir verbs

We'll use finir (to finish), because we always use finir for ­ir. I can't
remember ­ir verbs…

Page 6

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Vous + avez + vendu = vous avez vendu
Ils + ont + vendu = ils ont vendu

Now we've done all the regular avoir verbs we can do the irregular
ones. Yay! ­happy dance-.

Because the French language likes to be somewhat awkward a lot
of the time some…

Page 7

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Oh look. How hidden is this?

1. Je suis allé(e) aux magasins.
2. Last Saturday I went horse riding
3. Tu a gagné
4. Ils/elles ont mangé à huit heures du soir
5. I got up at nine o'clock


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