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The Passé Composé

The simple past tense

Meaning: I ate, I have eaten, I did eat
I spoke, I have spoken, I did speak etc.

It refers to something in the past that is over and done with.
E.g. I worked for 40 years
We visited her

Formation: The passé…

Page 2

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I spoke, I have spoken, I did speak

vous avez parlé
ils/elles ont parlé

finir to finish
j'ai fini
tu as fini
il/elle/on a fini
nous avons fini
vous avez fini
ils/elles ont fini

I finished, I have/am finished, I did

répondre to speak
j'ai répondu
tu as répondu…

Page 3

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mettre to put mis
pouvoir to be able to pu
vouloir to wish, want voulu
savoir to know (fact) su
prendre to take pris
apprendre to learn appris
comprendre to understand compris
recevoir to receive reçu
voir to see vu
conduire to drive conduit
connaître to know (person) connu

Page 4

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vous avez été
ils/elles ont été
I was, I have been

The passé compose with être

Être is used as an auxiliary verb with the following verbs (most of them
express movement or a change of state):

Regular verbs

aller to go
arriver to arrive
partir to leave
sortir to…

Page 5

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R etourner
A rriver
M onter
P artir

* The past participle of être verbs agrees with the gender and number
of the subject of the verb.

Feminine singular subject ­e is added to the past participle
Masculine plural subject ­s is added
Feminine plural subject ­es is added


Page 6

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Vous vous êtes amusé(e)(s) You enjoyed yourself(ves)
Ils/elles se sont amusé(e)s They enjoyed themselves


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