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Usage
Used to refer to events completed in the
past
Usually implies a link between past and
present e.g. Was recent, or
consequences of it are still felt
Used in informal French ­ speech &
informal correspondences such as
newspapers to narrate events
In formal French, the Passé Composé is
often substituted for the Past Historic…read more

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Formation
Compound tense, made up of 2 parts:
Present tense of avoir or etre
Past participle
Formation of regular past participles:
-er verbs: replace ­er with ­é
-ir verbs: replace ­ir with ­I
-re verbs: replace ­re with ­u
E.g. J'ai retourn…read more

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Avoir or Etre?
Most verbs take avoir in the Passé
Compose
Those which take etre are usually verbs
of motion. There are 13:
Aller, arriver, entrer, montrer, naitre,
retourner, tomber, venir, partir, sortir,
descendre, mourir, rester & any of their
compounds e.g. Devenir.
All reflexive verbs take etre…read more

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Avoir or Etre?
Some verbs can mean different things
depending if you use avoir or etre
Transitive verbs: using etre verbs with avoir
when there is a direct object
E.g. Sortir in `Nous avons sorti les meubles'
= to take/bring out
E.g. Descendre in `J'ai descendu la valise' =
to take/bring down…read more

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Agreement of past
participles
Avoir verbs:
Past participles do not agree with the
subject, but with any preceding direct object
E.g. Je l'ai placée, where l' stands for la
chaise.
Etre verbs:
Past participles agree in number and gender
with the subject
E.g. Ils sont arrivés…read more

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