G673 Sociology of Education OCR A2

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ROLE AND FUNCTIONS OF EDUCATION IN SOCIETY
FUNCTIONALIST
T eaching
skil
ls
need ed
fo r
e conomic
g r
ow th
develops
f r
om s chool
s,
t
ransmits
impo r
tant
ski
ll
s
for t
h e
econ omy
S econda r
y soc i
ali
sati
on
ROLE ALLOCATION
P osit
ive
force
i n
today'
s societ
y:
b enef
it
s s ociet
y as
a w hol
e
C reati
on of
a MERITOCRATIC s o ci
al
orde r
C reati
on of
commo n val
u es
A l
l
so ci
al
str
uc tures
ma k e
a posi
ti
ve cont
ribu t
ion
to ot
he r
par t
s of
t
he
soci
al
system
F ormal
ed ucation
d evel
o ps nee ds
of
a mo de rn
societ
y
Emile Durkheim (18581917)
R o l
e i
n educat
ion t
o create SOCIAL SOLIDARITY fee l
ing
of
ident
if icati
on &
r espon si
bil
it
y t
ow ards
o ther
s
by
w el
ding of
a
ma ss of
i
n di
vidual
s i
nto a uni
t ed
w h ol
e
CULTURAL HOMOGENEITY: p eopl
e become
g eogr
a phical
ly
mo bil e,
s ociet
ie s
l
e ss
bound
to get
he r
by
tr
adit
ional
inst
it
uti
ons such
as t
he c hurch &
f amil
y whi
ch
creat
e
mo r
al
order
that
w oul
d cont
rol
cri
me
& devi
ance
o EGOISM S tude nt
s r
e bel
li
ng f
rom educati
on
sys t
em, people p ur
suin g
own goals
rat
h er f
or
the good
o f
t
he commu nit
y
o ANOMIE l ack o f
shared
values
&
feel
ing
o f
mor al
conf
usion
Ma j
or functi
on of
educa ti
on i
s t
o t
ransmit
the
n or
ms
a nd val
ues of
so ci
ety.
P repar es
p upi
ls
for
i
nte r
a ct
ing
w i
th
me mb er
s of
soci
e t
y
as an
ad ul
t
a nd
a ccept i
ng soci
al
rules.

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E d u cati
o n
teaches i
ndivi
duals
speci
fi
c ski
ll
s wh ich
are
n ecessar
y f
or
their
futu r
e oc cupati
on.
David Hargreaves (comprehensive schools study)
I nstrume nt
al
studen ts:
work
w i
thout
ent
hu si
asm &
gain
only
the qual
if
icat
ions
the y nee d.…read more

Page 3

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CRITICISMS:
A s sume s i
ndivi
dua l
s w i
ll
p assively
r e spond t
o
the
edu ca t
ion syst
e m. D o
n o t
r
e cogn ise
a nt
isch o ol
su bculture s eg.…read more

Page 4

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C lose rela t i
onship bet
w een soci
al
relat i
o n sh ips
in
the wor kpl
ace
a n d
in
e ducatio n ­ CORRESPONDENCE PRINCIPLE deve l
op e d
by HIDDEN
CIRICULUM a l
on gsi
de f
o r
ma l
curri
culu m (
s et
of
valu es
&
habit
s
th at
schoo l
s
t each
b y
th e
w ay t
hey are
o r
ga ni
sed):
1.…read more

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NEOMARXIST
Pierre Bourdieu (1973)
Educat
ion
hel
ps mai
ntai
n weal
th
of
rul
ing
class
Educat
ion
syst
em based
on CULTURAL CAPITAL: whi
ch
i
s t
he
val
ues,
know l
edge
and
ski
l
ls
of
the
rul
ing
class
and
t
eacher
s speak
li
ke
BOURGEIOUSE a nd not
PROLETARIAT
Willis: learning to labour
A ccept
s t
hat
the ed ucati
on syste m is
clo se ly
li
n k ed t o
the
n eeds…read more

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INTERACTIONIST
H o w i
ndivi
dua l
s ar
e shaped and
a r
e
s ha pe d f
rom the e duc at
ional sy stem.
F o c us es
on the
pro cesses
w i
thin the e du ca t
ion sy stem wh i
ch r
e sults i
n
di
ff ere nt
l
eve l
s of
a chi
eveme nt.…read more

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Mo st
school
s h ave some
s ystem f
or pl
acing
pu pi l
s i
n t
e achin g gro up s
in
ter
ms
of
t hei
r
pe r
ceived
abil
it
y.…read more

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DIFFERENTIAL EDUCATION ACHIEVEMENT
CLASS
C hil
dre n fro m hi
ghe r classes ar e mo re l
ikel
y t
o
st ay
on in postcomp ulsory
e ducatio n ,
mo r
e l
ike ly t
o suc ce e d i
n
a ssessme nts and mo re l
ikel
y t
o gain
u ni
vers it
y e nt
r ance.
3 .…read more

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Cultural Deprivation
T ho se
at
the b ottom o f
the cl
as s
syste m are dep ri
ved
of
imp or ta nt v alues,
a t
ti
tu de s,
ski
l l s
an d
e x pe r
iences that
a re essent i
al
for
educ ati
o na l
s uccess.…read more

Comments

Nadia Hussain

If you don't mind me asking, what grade did you get for this unit?

hadiha waheed

A :) 

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