G543 Past Exam Questions and Markscheme

4 past exam questions for each unit plus relevant exam markscheme from exmainer's reports plus the mark breakdown for each question.

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Mark scheme: Psychology:
Health and Clinical:
1.
a. Outline one way (e.g. classification system) in which dysfunctional
behaviour can be categorised [10]
The specification suggests classification systems to categorise dysfunctional behaviour,
such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual now in its revised fourth edition (DSMIVR) or
the International Classification of Diseases now in its tenth edition (ICD10). Other ways of
categorising dysfunctional behaviour would also be acceptable responses. Both of them an
outline of the classification system, or how it is used, and are acceptable ways of addressing
the question. `Using a classification system' is also an acceptable type of response but one
which is more difficult to score highly on without broad and specific references. The better
candidate will consider one way in which dysfunctional behaviour can be categorised. The
weaker candidate may merely reproduce a definition, for example. More specifically, weaker
responses may be anecdotal, improving to a relevant description, but struggling to use it to
describe one way in which dysfunctional behaviour can be categorised. Better answers will
relate increasingly to one way in which dysfunctional behaviour can be categorised.
68 marks ­ Psychological terminology is competent and mainly accurate. Description of
evidence is mainly accurate and relevant, coherent and reasonably detailed. Elaboration/use
of example/quality of description is good. There is some evidence of interpretation and
explanation in the context of the question. The answer has good structure and organisation.
The answer is mostly grammatically correct with few spelling errors.
910 marks ­ Correct and comprehensive use of psychological terminology. Description of
evidence is accurate, relevant, coherent and detailed. Elaboration/use of example/quality of
description is very good and the ability to interpret/explain the evidence selected in the context
of the question is very good. The answer is competently structured and organised. Answer is
mostly grammatically correct with occasional spelling errors.
b. Discuss the limitations of diagnosing dysfunctional behaviour [15]
There is a myriad of evaluative issues which attend to limitations encountered when
diagnosing dysfunctional behaviour. These include issues of validity, reliability,
ethnocentrism, and reductionism to name but a few. The differing paradigms will vary in how
they attempt to diagnose dysfunctional behaviour or in what form it exists, if at all. No more
than attempting to address the question or highly superficial prelearned nonspecific
answers would constitute a response in the bottom (13) band. This improves to a more
accurate if somewhat limited response to a more detailed or broader response and at the
top level a more developed and/or elaborated response containing more precise evaluative
points and/or issues. For example, a discussion into the fact that there is allegedly no more
than 50% agreement (reliability) between clinicians when diagnosing mental disorder, or a
comparison of different approaches to the limitation in question.
811 marks ­ Some evaluative points covering a range of issues. The argument is well
organised, but may lack balance or development, and is related to the context of the question.
Good use of examples. Valid conclusions that effectively summarise issues and arguments

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­ Many evaluative points covering a range of issues. The argument is
competently organised, balanced and well developed. The answer is explicitly related to the
context of the question. There is effective use of examples. Valid conclusions that effectively
summarise issues and arguments are highly skilled and show thorough understanding.
2.
a. Outline a biological explanation of dysfunctional behaviour [10]
Biological explanations of dysfunctional behaviour, which may synonymously be described as
organic, somatic or medical, include genetic, neurological, biochemical.…read more

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This improves to a more accurate if somewhat limited response a more detailed or
broader response and at the top level a more developed and/or elaborated response
containing specifically in relation to dysfunctional behaviour and in response to the `to what
extent' demand of the question.
811 marks ­ Some evaluative points covering a range of issues. The argument is well
organised, but may lack balance or development and is related to the context of the question.
Good use of examples.…read more

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The Biological approach includes brain physiology, biochemical, genetic or evolutionary
explanations. Many issues may be brought to bear in evaluating the extent to which the
Biological approach provides an explanation of criminal behaviour. The Biological
approach is often given in conjunction with other approaches and this may point to a
partial value.…read more

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For example, the depth and
richness of data is superior in the qualitative approach. Quantitative data is easier to
record, easier and clearer to analyse and more objective.
An attempt to address the question or a highly superficial discussion would constitute
an answer in the bottom (13) band.…read more

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