From Kaiser to Fuhrer: Key dates

A timeline of dates for the Edexcel exam. It begins before 1900 for a bit of background knowledge. However, we only need to know the years 1900-1945.

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1815: Creation of German confederation
186471: Unification wars
1864: defeat of Denmark
1866: defeat of Austria
18701: Defeat of France in the FrancoPrussian war
1871: Creation of the German empire ­ Keiserreich
1888: Death of Emperor Wilhelm I, followed by the death of his son Frederick III just 99
days later
1890: Forced resignation of Bismark ­ Caprivi appointed Chancellor ­ Antisocialist laws
1893: Agrarian League formed
1894: Hohenlohe appointed Chancellor ­ FrancoRussian alliance ratified
1897: Government reorganised Weltpolitik initiated Bulow's `a place in the sun' speech
1898: Navy league formed First German Naval Law (second followed in 1900)
1900: Bülow appointed chancellor
1904: AngloFrench agreement (which later became the AngloFrench Entente Cordiale)
1905: Schlieffen plan devised ­ First Moroccan crisis ­ the tangier incident
1906: Launch of the first Dreadnought by Britain ­ Third German Naval law
1907: AngloRussian entente forming the Triple Entente
1908: The daily Telegraph affair
19089: The Bosnian crisis
1909: Bethmann appointed chancellor
1911: Second Moroccan crisis: the Agadir incident
1912: Major socialist gains in Reichstag elections ­ Fourth Naval law ­ AngloFrench naval
agreement ­ first Balkan war ­ War Council meeting

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Zabern affair
1914: Outbreak of WWI
September 1914: Battle of Marne: failure of the Schlieffen plan
1915: Unrestricted Submarine warfare began ( but ended after the sinking of the Lusitania)
1916: Battles of Verdun and Somme
August 1916: Establishment of the `Silent dictatorship' under Hindenburg and Ludendorff
December 1916: Auxiliary service law introduced
February 1917: Unrestricted Submarine warfare restarted
April 1917: Entry of the USA into the war ­ Split of the SPD and creation of the USPD
July 1917: Resignation of Bethmann and replacement…read more

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August 1920: Murder of Erzberger
May 1921: InterAllied Reparations Commission (IARC) fixed reparations at £6600 million
(132 billion Gold marks)
1922: Treaty of Rapallo
24 June 1922: Murder of Rathenau
19239: Stresemann as Foreign Minister
January 1923: FrancoBelgian occupation of the Ruhr ­ Passive resistance proclaimed
January ­ November 1933: Period of Hyper inflation
Summer 1923: The `German October' in Saxony
August 1933: Stresemann made chancellor of Germany
August ­ November 1933: Stresemann's 100 days
89 November 1923: Munich beer hall putsch
December 1933: Introduction…read more

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March 1930: Resignation of Müller's government ­ Brüning appointed chancellor ­ Young
Plan approved by the Reichstag
September 1930: Reichstag election: Nazis emerged as second largest party
December 1930: Brüning's economic measures imposed by presidential decree
July 1931: Five leading German Banks failed
October 1931: Formation of Harzburg Front
January 1932: Unemployment peaked at 6.1 million
April 1932: Reelection of Hindenburg as president of Germany
May 1932: Brüning resigned ­ Papen appointed Chancellor
July 1932: Reichstag election: Nazis emerged as largest party with 37.…read more

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Reich Ministry of Education created ­ Creation of the Confessional Church
30 June 1934: Night of the Long Knives
July 1934: Appointment of Schacht as Minister of Economics
2 August 1934: Hitler merged posts of Chancellor and President to become Führer
September 1934: New Plan introduced
15 September 1935: Nuremberg Race Laws introduced
June 1936: Appointment of Heinrich Himmler as Chief of the German Police
October 1936: Four Year Plan established under Göring
November 1937: Resignation of Schacht as Minister of Economics
February 1938: Force…read more

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February 1943: Goebbel's speech rallied the people for `total war'
24 July 1943: Hamburg fire storm
6 June 1944: Allied landings in Normandy, France
20 July 1944: Stauffenberg Bomb Plot failed to overthrow the regime
August 1944: Peak of German munitions production
November 1944: Execution of 12 Edelweiss Pirates in Cologne
78 May 1945: German Surrender: Occupation and division of Germany…read more


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