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1815: Creation of German confederation

186471: Unification wars

1864: defeat of Denmark

1866: defeat of Austria

18701: Defeat of France in the FrancoPrussian war

1871: Creation of the German empire ­ Keiserreich

1888: Death of Emperor Wilhelm I, followed by the death of his son Frederick III just 99…

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1913: Zabern affair

1914: Outbreak of WWI

September 1914: Battle of Marne: failure of the Schlieffen plan

1915: Unrestricted Submarine warfare began ( but ended after the sinking of the Lusitania)

1916: Battles of Verdun and Somme

August 1916: Establishment of the `Silent dictatorship' under Hindenburg and Ludendorff

December 1916:…

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26 August 1920: Murder of Erzberger

May 1921: InterAllied Reparations Commission (IARC) fixed reparations at £6600 million
(132 billion Gold marks)

1922: Treaty of Rapallo

24 June 1922: Murder of Rathenau

19239: Stresemann as Foreign Minister

January 1923: FrancoBelgian occupation of the Ruhr ­ Passive resistance proclaimed

January ­ November…

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March 1930: Resignation of Müller's government ­ Brüning appointed chancellor ­ Young
Plan approved by the Reichstag

September 1930: Reichstag election: Nazis emerged as second largest party

December 1930: Brüning's economic measures imposed by presidential decree

July 1931: Five leading German Banks failed

October 1931: Formation of Harzburg Front


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1934: Reich Ministry of Education created ­ Creation of the Confessional Church

30 June 1934: Night of the Long Knives

July 1934: Appointment of Schacht as Minister of Economics

2 August 1934: Hitler merged posts of Chancellor and President to become Führer

September 1934: New Plan introduced

15 September 1935:…

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18 February 1943: Goebbel's speech rallied the people for `total war'

24 July 1943: Hamburg fire storm

6 June 1944: Allied landings in Normandy, France

20 July 1944: Stauffenberg Bomb Plot failed to overthrow the regime

August 1944: Peak of German munitions production

November 1944: Execution of 12 Edelweiss Pirates…


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