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Psychodynamic Explanations


Freud never attempted to explain offending behaviour, but the following aspects of the
psychodynamic theory can be used:
o Inadequate superego
Freud argued that the personality has three components:
The id ­ demanding, self-gratifying instinct
The superego ­ conscience or internal parent who develops through
identification with same-sex…

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Displacement ­ the individual takes out their anger and frustrations
on a substitute object (e.g. a stranger is killed as a replacement for
the person the individual really wanted to kill)
Sublimination ­ redirecting normally primitive impulses into more
acceptable activities (e.g. someone with an urge for murder or rape…

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