Foreign policy 1951-61 under Mac

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Foreign policy 195161
Britain's declining imperial role `5164
India was granted independence in '47 under Attlee's gov
Throughout the 50s countries in the empire had independence
movements= hard to ignore
Hard to resist independence movements on moral grounds
We had fought ww2 on the back of the ideas of freedom and
independence= hypocritical not to allow imperial possessions to
have their own freedom
Suez crisis in '56 had removed the final moral rug from under
Britain= rethink the pace of independence for the empire
'57 Ghana became first African colony to be granted
'63 West Indian federation. Nigeria , Cyprus, Tanganyika, sierra
Leone, Uganda and Kenya = background to Mac's winds of
change speech when addressing the south African parliament
Change was inevitable
If Britain sent troops to fight uprising it would gain Britain a
reputation a repressive regime
British declination was completed more quickly and less violently
than many other European countries
Still issues surrounding colonies such as Rhodesia, Gibraltar and
Falkland islands
Newly independent nations were often ken to distance themselves
from their old masters
Britain and Europe
Before '61 no national consensus about joining
Labour party were suspicious about its free market principles
vast majority of the Tories were keen to retain strong links with the Common wealth and saw
these as more important than ties with Europe
alliance with Germany was unthinkable as we had had a war with the
many people still saw Britain as a world power
benefits of trade were largely disregarded
economic miracle in West Germany had shown how beneficial the EEC could be
Decolonisation had lost Britain's trade links and the EEC could replace these

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Britain, the special relationship and the cold war '51`64
In '51 the British troops were fighting in Korea
against Communist faces
Britain had become a founding member of NATO in
'49 and many British troops were stationed in the
West Germany against a potential invasion of
Europe by the soviet union
Special relationship was put under strain on a
number of occasions such as over the Burgess and
Mclean affair (spying), over American pressure to
join the EEC and over Suez BUT overall the
relationship…read more


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