Families and Households Key Terms

Glossary of terms for AS families and Households.

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FAMILY AND HOUSEHOLDS KEY TERMS
ASCRIPTION
The allocation of roles and status on the basis of fixed characteristics, eg gender or
what family you are born into.
COHABITATION
Unmarried couples living together as man and wife.
CONJUGAL RELATIONSHIP
The relationship between married and cohabiting partners..
CHILD CENTRED
Treating the needs of children as priority.
DUEL BURDEN
Refers to wives taking responsibility for the bulk of domestic tasks as well as
holding down full time jobs.
DOMESTIC LABOUR.
Housework and childcare.
DEMOGRAPHY
The study of populations with reference to size, structure and how they change over
time.
DIVISION OF LABOUR
The organisation of work.
DIVORCE
The legal termination of a marriage.
EGALITARIAN
Based on equality.
EXTENDED KIN
Relations beyond the nuclear family, aunts, uncles, grandparents and cousins.
EXPRESSIVE LEADER
Talcott Parsons term for the female function of the mother / housewife.
FAMILIAL IDEOLOGY
The view that a particular type of family (nuclear) and arrangements ( men as
breadwinners and women as housewives) are the ideals society should aspire to.
HOUSEHOLD
A person living alone or a group of people living together who may or may not be
related to each other. A group of students living together are a household but not a
family. All families are households but not all households are families.
IDEOLOGY
The norms and values that serve the capitalist system.
IDEOLOGICAL APPARATUS
A Marxist term for the transmission of ruling class ideas, eg education and mass
media.
IDEALIZED
Presented as ideal.
INFANT MORTALITY RATE.
The number of babies that die in their first year of life, as a proportion of all live
births.
ISOLATED NUCLEAR FAMILY

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A married couple and their children who are largely independent from the wider
kinship network.
MARRIAGE
The legal union of a man and a woman in a socially approved sexual relationship.
MATERNAL INSTINCT.
A natural instinct to desire motherhood and want to care for children.
NUCLEAR FAMILY
A family consisting of two parents and their children.
NURTURING
Caring for and looking after.
PROCREATION
Having children.
PATRIARCHAL IDEOLOGY
Ideas that support and justify male domination in society.
RECONSTITUTED FAMILY
Stepfamilies.…read more

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