Unit 1: Family Divesity

  • Created by: Colleen
  • Created on: 30-12-12 09:55
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  • Family Diversity (many variations of the family)
    • Rapports - 1982
      • Organizational diversity - this refers to family structure, kinship networks and how roles are divided in the home
      • Cultural Diversity - there is ethnic and religious diversity in the contemporary UK, which give rise to family diversity
      • Class-based Diversity - social class affects relationships in families and the socialization of children
      • Stage in life cycle Diversity - family life is different for newly married couples than those with children that have left home etc
      • Cohort Diversity - this refers to the period of time at which families pass through  stages in the life cycle
    • Single Parent Families
      • Has tripled in the last 30 years
      • Not all single parents have been married
        • Too expensive
        • Not in a relationship
    • Beanpole
      • Extended but long and thin
      • Multi generational = social group composed of individuals of widely varying ages
      • Intergenerational = Intergenerationality is interaction between members of different generations
    • Reconstituited Families
      • When families merge together forming a new one
        • Step families
      • 2004 10% of all families were reconstituited
    • Cultural Diversity
      • Religion
        • Influences the way children are brought up
        • More likely to have cildren living with them than ohers
    • Clas Diversity
      • Family Strucutures
        • Middle class families were more geographically mobile.   However, this does not necessarily mean contact with Kim dissolves. More contemporary research shows extended kin to be of high importance in working class families. Foster (1990) found extended family members living close in an East End London community
      • Conjual Roles
        • Refs to the roles between men and women in a household. Oakley's (1974) research showed class to be a relevant factor in the division of labour in the home. Pahl (1989) found that women juggling the ?nances was not the typical arrangement. However, it was in working class families
      • Chile-rearing practices
        • There is a tendency for middle class families to be more child-centered. This could be to compensate for the tendency of middle class work to be more ?exible, but anti-social, thus affecting relationships between parents and children
      • Cultural Differences
        • The children of upper class and upper middle class parents acquire what Marxist sociologist Bourdieu (1986) termed 'cultural capital'. Upper class children are also socialised into High culture. Whereas middle and working class children experience popular culture
    • Postmodernism
      • Postmodernists support the view that families in the contemporary UK are diverse
      • Stacey (1996) argues that families no longer progress through a range of stages
      • Postmodernists' key view is choice, and that there is no dominant family type
    • New Labour
      • Allows family  diversity
      • Idealists heterosexual parents that are married
      • Teenage pregnancey is seen as a social problem
      • Criticisms include, expecting the family to maintain social control, for being contradictory, and Duncan (2006) challenges their view on teenage pregnancy


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