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Marxists take a critical view of the role of education. Capitalist society is essentially a
two-class system, with a ruling class exploiting the working class. Marxists see education
as being run in the interests of the ruling class.
For example, Althusser argues that education is an important ideological state apparatus
that helps to control people's ideas and beliefs. He suggests education has two purposes.
It reproduces class inequalities through the generations by ensuring that most working-
class pupils experience educational failure. Education also legitimates this inequality,
persuading the working class to accept educational and social inequalities
Using material from Item A and elsewhere assess the contribution of Marxism to
our understanding of the role of education. (20 marks)
Outline the functionalist view of the role of education. (12 marks)