Environment ethics Notes

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  • Created on: 21-03-13 14:22
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Environmental ethics
It is quite clear that in today's society that the planet is in a bad way and is suffering from things such
are global warming as a result if human beings and their lack of regard for the environment. Rapid
growth and technology has also open humans to new forms of risks that never existed before but
that are now are around. Environmental ethics thus now simply just tries to tell humans how they
should use the environment and it resources and answers questions such as are humans morally
responsible for actions they have committed.
- global warming causing the sea levels to raise 60% more than was predicted we can now see we
are going through n environmental crisis
Deep ecology
Deep ecology notes that the environment has intrinsic worth so should be preserved for
future generations
Founded by Aldo leopold who argued that things are good when the bionic beauty of the
world is maintained
He believes more should be done re-establish a relationship between the living and non
living entities of the world
Aaness naess published book called were he stated there are two types of ecological
movements the 1st concerned which pollution and the natural resources and there us for
humans and the 2nd concerned which natural diversity and the value of the world
He argues that the world have intrinsic value, he therefore rejects views such as that
humans have more worth than animals because they are consciousness
He argues that all species have their own right to exist in the world
He also criticises the Christian views of stewardship and sees it as arrogant
He also see that the humans are having an increasing negative effect on the environment
Shallow ecology
Michael la bossiere argues that human beings have no obligations to prevent natural
extinction but this does not mean that human beings should help in making animals extinct,
however it is a process of evolution
animals only have worth if it benefits human beings
animals should be used as an ends to a means
the only reason why we should conserve the universe is so that future generations of
humans can also enjoy it
humans have instrumental value and the environment has instrumental value also to
pollution should be stopped if it would stop and halt economic growth of the world
plants such be used for medicines for humans

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Ecological extensions
-ecological extension is also known as the Gaia hypothesis, by James lovelock
This theory see humans and the environment as to separate things
-James lovelock had 2 versions in his theory his 1st argued that Gaia a goddess of
the world did not need human beings in order to survive
-Gaia is self-regulated and almost a living human being
Gaia is highly intelligent and organised meaning everything is not random which
would refute the Darwin explanation of natural selection and Gaia regulates
-Abusing…read more

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As we aim for pleasure
Bentham's quantitative approach would in a circumstance such as wanting to limit the speed
limit in Lake Windermere to 10mph to prevent harm to the ecosystem of the pond and
keep the water s peaceful would consider pleasure and the environment.…read more

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Virtue deprives from the term excellence and a excellent person according to virtue ethics
would do virtuous things within the community arguably being virtuous would not allow a
person to exploit then environment
The golden mean would argue that a person should act in moderation therefore we should
not commit acts such as deforestation as without the use for our reason
The phronesis which is acquired as we grow up would argue that a person people however
should be given the ulitimate decision is an…read more


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