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2008 election
Who stood?
How long did it take?
How much did it cost?
o Why did Obama win?
o Why does it cost so much?
o Too partisan?
Invisible Primaries
In essence, the political manoeuvring before the actual elections
Known as `invisible primaries' because there is…

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Are they too long?
Advantages & Disadvantages of primary system
o More democratic than old system
o Battle shows your capabilities
o Recently been very important ­ have upset books (e.g. Hilary Clinton
believed primaries would be over and done by 5th of February, Super
o Opens…

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Now, Presidential candidate chooses runningmate and
convention only confirms
Traditionally, VP candidate announced on third day of
convention tradition broken in 1984 by Walter Mondale, who
announced his choice four days before opening of convention
­ and that stuck
o Deciding party platform
Document containing policies that candidate intends to…

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Disguised partisans ­ generally vote consistently with one
party, often more partisan than registered partisans but open
to independents
Deliberators ­ Swing voters, hold favourable views for both
Disillusioned ­ dissatisfied with both parties and the twoparty
system around 80% have little or no confidence in government
Dislocated ­…

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Preserves voice of smallpopulation states
o Small states still worry that if the Electoral College were to be
abolished, they would lose precious influence
o California has 18 times as many votes as Wyoming and Alaska
Promotes twohorse race
o Fact that winner will usually get more than 50%…

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o 2004: Minnesota Elector voted for John Edwards as President
(though spelling it Ewards) instead of John Kerry then all Electors
voted for Edwards as VP ­ first time Elector (knowingly or
unknowingly) voted for the same candidate for both offices
o No rogue electors in 2008
President and VP…


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