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Ellie Whitlock

Revision Notes: Democracy
Representative Democracy Electoral democracy- it is a way of deciding who should
decide. People aquire power to make political decisions by
means of a competitive struggle for the peoples' vote. Those
who win the elections then claim to `represent' the people.
Direct Democracy A…

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Representative Democracy:

Advantages Disadvantages

Professional politicians have the time to The electorate may be in part ill-informed. They
research and debate issues, which ordinary can still make bad decisions on who to elect.
citizens do not. Therefore they are more likely to Furthermore people have little incentive to
make informed…

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Ways of improving democracy:
Ideas for improving Strengths Weaknesses

Lowering the voting -Governments make significant -Many 16 & 17 year olds are not
age decisions that particularly effect the mature or interested enough to vote
lives of 16 & 17 year olds, such as -turnout rates among 18-24 year…

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Is there a "crisis" in democracy, in the UK? :
No Yes

Elections - One person, one vote since 1948 - FPTP means that not every vote counts
- Secret ballot, since 1872 - Party can have a majority even though
- Everyone has a right to vote it does…

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Political Parties

Party A organisation which attempts to gain power
and form a government, by campaigning for the
electorates' votes.

Programmatic Party A party which develops policy that follows a
particular ideology, which will only appeal to
certain group of people.

Catch-all Party A party which develops policies to…

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The difference between Labour and the Conservatives:

Labour Conservatives

Though traditionally Labour favoured a state A free market economy- unrestricted market
managed economy with nationalised major completion, free from government interference.
industries, Labour now supports a mixed
economy. However One Nation Labour may
revert back slightly due to their discussion…

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Political parties promote democracy:

For Against

Parties promote democracy because May impinge upon democracy as parties
they drive competition in choosing may be more concerned with pleasing
leaders and policies. their members and certain sectors within
society, rather than a nation as a whole.

They give opportunities for political

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Old Sir


A useful survey of UK democracy from the perspectives, mainly of the Conservative and Labour parties. Students might wish to extend their ability to discuss UK party politics by reading in more depth and, amongst other issues looking at the development of the Liberal (Democrat) party and post 1945 consensus between Labour and Conservatives.

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