Pages in this set

Page 1

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Politics Unit 1 ­ People and Politics Retake Notes





Pages

Democracy 17

Elections 814

Pressure 1526
Groups

Democracy

Consent and legitimacy
John Locke on consent ­ you cannot be put under a political power
without your consent

Thomas Jefferson on consent ­ you have a right to life, freedom and…

Page 2

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Politics Unit 1 ­ People and Politics Retake Notes




Athenian Democracy
Democratic Undemocratic

o Any citizen could attend and speak o Only male, pure Athenians could
at government meetings vote
o People chosen by Lot o Women, children, slaves and
o Ostracism was voted on resident "aliens" could not vote…

Page 3

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Politics Unit 1 ­ People and Politics Retake Notes




Majority ­ more than half ­ 50% +1
Qualified majority ­ higher proportion of the vote ­ often 2/3rds

Arguments for Referendums Arguments against Referendums

o allows people to make their views o phrasing of the question can
heard when they…

Page 4

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Politics Unit 1 ­ People and Politics Retake Notes




o From 19112992 there were 1187 attempts, 290 went to ballot and 99
were voter approved.
o E.g. Proposition 13 which reduced property taxes and is now part of
California's constitution











3) Recall
o Power of recall is the right of…

Page 5

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Politics Unit 1 ­ People and Politics Retake Notes




Montesquieu democratic government should be based on the separation of
powers (3 branches)
Jefferson US Declaration of Independence ­ governments are established
to protect people's rights and people have a right to get rid of
them if they become destructive of…

Page 6

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Politics Unit 1 ­ People and Politics Retake Notes




in the hands of one individual meaning the executive and
institution legislature overlap
HoC and HoL can slow to stop Judges are appointed by the Lord
legislation Chancellor (cabinet member) and
Rule of Law ­ government is subject top judges sit…

Page 7

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Politics Unit 1 ­ People and Politics Retake Notes




Official secrets act ­ prevents
government workers from releasing
info

There is rule of Constitution asserts that govt is No separation of powers ­ limited
law and a free subject to the law in the same degree of Judicial Independence
and…

Page 8

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Politics Unit 1 ­ People and Politics Retake Notes





Fixed term parliaments
o PM's only call elections when suitable to the PM and when opposition are
weak. This takes this power away from the PM making elections fairer.
o It means that a government can only hold power for a…

Page 9

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Politics Unit 1 ­ People and Politics Retake Notes






The electoral commission
o When you vote in elections you decide who represents you and make
decision on your behalf on a range of issues
o Everyone in the UL has a local council, an MP who sits in the UK…

Page 10

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Politics Unit 1 ­ People and Politics Retake Notes




However less than 50% is a minority government and may need to form
a coalition in a hung parliament, like that of the current ConLib Dem
government

3) Participation
o Elections provide legitimacy to:
The British political system as a whole…

Comments

Jeb Bush95

Report

Thanks very consise!

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