Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
Child Psychology
Deprivation and Separation

Page 2

Preview of page 2
Deprivation and Separation
When the attachment between the infant and the caregiver is broken because of

When an infant is no longer with the main caregiver for some reason, either short
term of long term. For example, because of divorce or the parent going to hospital.


Page 3

Preview of page 3
Harlow and Zimmerman (1959)

Infant monkeys were removed from their mothers and split into groups. One group
had access to a towel monkey as well as a food giving wire monkey. Another group
only had a wire monkey. Those that were able to seek comfort from a towel monkey

Page 4

Preview of page 4
Evidence for the Importance of Attachments
1.Spitz (1946)

Spitz studies children in hospitals and found that children deprived of their
attachment figure because depressed.
If an attachment was present for the first 6 months of life then development
was good. If broke, over a 3 month period of the separation,…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
2. Robertson (1948)

Robertson was employed by Bowlby to observe (naturalistic observations)
children in a young institution.
Robertson found that children deprived of their attachment figure went
through three stages:
o Protest - In the protest stage, children clearly showed anger and fear,
and cried and called for their mother.…

Page 6

Preview of page 6


Robertson used a naturalistic observation method which means that the children
were in a familiar environment and are more likely to display natural behaviour.
Therefore this increases the validity of the study.

A strength of Robertson's study is that he made many films of the children's'
behaviour, allowing…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
3. Golfarb (1955)

The aim was to find out whether later fostering was successful.
He studied 15 children who had lived in an institution until being fostered at
around 3 years old.
He compared them with a group of children that had been fostered from
around 6 months.
He found…

Page 8

Preview of page 8
4. Bowlby (1946) ­ Forty-four Juvenile Thieves
Study In Detail

To test the Maternal Deprivation Hypothesis, by showing that early separation
was associated with an increased risk of behavioural disorders, in particular
affectionless psychopathy.

The study was carried out at the London Child Guidance Clinic.
Bowlby used a…

Page 9

Preview of page 9


The study is a case study meaning the results have high validity. The data was
gathered from a range of sources such as case histories and interviews, gathering both
quantitative and qualitative data, producing more in depth results, therefore
increasing the validity of the study.

There was a…

Page 10

Preview of page 10
5. Robertson and Robertson

Robertson and Robertson followed four children; John, Jane Thomas and Lucy.

John was placed in a residential nursery, aged 17 months, whilst his mother
went to hospital. He tried to get comfort but the child to nurse ratio was too
big. John became increasingly distressed and…


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »