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Page 1

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Cut out cards and fill in titles on the back! Test away!

1. Define Attachment
2. Define Deprivation
3. Define Privation
4. Define Evolution
5. Define Day Care
6. Define Separation Anxiety
7. Define the Approach
8. What is Monotrophy
9. What are the evolutionary aspects of Bowlby?
10. What…

Page 2

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45. Ainsworth Cross Cultural Studies
46. Sagi
47. Grossman
48. Miyake
49. Koluchova Twins
50. Genie
51. Genie Aim
52. Genie Procedure
53. Genie Results
54. Genie Conclusions
55. Genie Strengths
56. Genie Weaknesses
57. Autism Characteristics
58. Explanations of Autism: Biological
59. Explanations of Autism: Cognitive
60. Sally Anne…

Page 3

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A strong emotional bond between two
The loss of an attachment
people ­ caregiver and child.




The inheritance of certain characteristics and
Absence of an attachment with a caregiver
pre programmed behaviour




When a child is looked after throughout the The stress felt by a child when separated
day from…

Page 4

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Attachment can be seen in a range if species
do Bowlby proposed that it has developed
We are genetically programmed to seek and
throughout the process of evolution
encourage attention from adults
Children are distressed when left alone in
This releases instinctive behaviour in adults.
order to seek an adult's…

Page 5

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Placed infant monkeys into cages with
To investigate the effects of social
substitute mothers, one wire, one cloth, wire
deprivation on rhesus monkeys
had bottle.




Majority of time with cloth mother// monkey
Attachment not RELIANT on biological needs
clung to towelling with fear stimuli




Monkeys are taken from mothers at…

Page 6

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Control group
Control group not `normal' makeup
o Easy to pin point cause
o Hard to generalise
Qualitative data and quantitative data
Qualitative data = interpretation bias.
o valid




Short term = Robertson and Robertson
o 17 month old John ­ recorded
behaviour in care home
o Protest/ despair/ attachment…

Page 7

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Unreliable
o IQ and DQ unsuitable
o Specific to individual Later fostering successful if child has long
Bias term deprivation
o No controls & methods can
manipulated.




Later fostered = less emotionally stable,
15 children adopted at 6 month
intellectually behind and less mature.




Valid
o Children studied in natural…

Page 8

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Stranger anxiety, separation anxiety &
reunion behaviour: 3 types of attachment.
1) Child & carer in empty room TYPE A: Avoidant Children
2) stranger enters o No secure base behaviour, no
3) stranger plays with child distress. 22% in study.
4) Mother leaves, strange comforts child TYPE B: Secure
5)…

Page 9

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Lost their mother after birth.
Placed in an institution (1 year)
Step mother beat thme & locked in small
JAPAN
dark room.
Anxious Resistant
Found at 6 ­ mentally retarded, scared,
Some do work ­ similar to USA
undernourished & little speech
2 years of rehabilitation = 2 sisters
Loving…

Page 10

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More boys than girls
2/1000
2-3 age diagnosed
Poor empathising skills
Not sure of past
Poor communication
No consent
Lack of understanding
Poor at forming relationships
Repetitive behaviour
Good at system skills


Baron-cohen at al (2005)
o Link between autism and male brain
characteristics
o Testosterone in womb? Baron Cohen…

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