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Topic 1: Attachment
· Explanations of attachment
· Types of attachment
· Cultural variations in attachment
· Disruption of attachment
· Privation and the effects of institutionalisation
· Are these effects reversible?
4 Early Social Development *…read more

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Attachment
· Attachment - a strong emotional tie that develops over
time between an infant and their primary caregiver
· Attachments depend on two people interacting rather
than simply being together Maurer (1989)
· Maccoby (1980) identified four characteristic effects of
attachment:
1. seeking proximity, especially at times of stress
2. distress on separation
3. pleasure when reunited
4. general orientation of behaviour towards the primary caregiver
4 Early Social Development *…read more

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Explanations of Attachment
· Learning theory
­ Classical conditioning
­ Operant conditioning
· Evolutionary perspective
­ Bowlby's Theory
4 Early Social Development *…read more

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Behaviourists propose that behaviour is learnt,
either through classical conditioning or
operant conditioning
· Children are born as `blank slates' and
everything they become can be explained in
terms of experiences they have had.
4 Early Social Development *…read more

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Classical conditioning
· Learning through association.
· Ivan Pavlov first described this type of learning.
· He was researching salivation in dogs and
noticed that they started salivating before they
were fed ­ as soon as they heard the door open.
4 Early Social Development *…read more

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Comments

MrsMacLean

A very useful set of notes, many thanks.

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