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A) Outline Clinical Characteristics of Schizophrenia

There are several ways of diagnosing and classifying schizophrenia and there is a whole array of
potential symptoms, not all of which have to be present in an individual at any one time.
Schizophrenia is often described as a psychosis, a disorder in which…

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little agreement can be expected between psychiatrists. Research, which has investigated
consistency of diagnosis between different psychiatrists diagnosing the same patient, shows that
the level of agreement is poor.

Research questioning the reliability of the diagnostic manuals has been conducted by Cooper et al
1972, who showed American and British…

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Although most psychiatrists now use standardised interview schedules such as Wing's 1974 Present
State Examination or the computer program CATEGO, there still many cross-cultural differences
which remain unresolved, for example the Chinese prefer to use their own classification system.
However, the Westernised classification systems do include culture-bound syndromes such as…

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a serious illness as schizophrenia, mostly due to the stigma attached to it. Schizophrenics may also be
ostracised by family and friends, and may get worse due to the stress of being rejected by society.
On the other hand, there may be positive psychological and social benefits to receiving a…




These are really great, thank you :-)

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