Developments of the Cold War

Notes on the formation of NATO, nuclear arms race, Korean war, Warsaw Pact and the 'thaw'

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  • Created on: 07-11-11 17:55
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DEVELEVOPMENT OF THE COLD WAR
The development of the Cold War between the years 1949 to 1955
THE FORMATION OF NATO
NATO was formed after the Berlin Blockade when the Americans and the West decided they needed
a defence strategy against any opposition.
NATO was signed and finalised in April 1949
It was a military pact, in which countries agreed to aid each other against any act of
aggression from opposition
An army was to be formed
In 1949 it had 12 members which were; Britain, America, France, Italy, Belgium, Iceland,
Portugal, Holland, Canada, Denmark, Norway and Luxembourg
In 1952 Greece and Turkey joined and later in 1955 West Germany joined
NATO meant that America could build air bases in the West with planes that were equipped
with nuclear bombs, ready for use in the event of an act of aggression
THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE
The nuclear arms race was an expensive race for both countries, as they both tried to increase their
piles of nuclear weapons, and develop even more harmful ones, as neither of them wanted to get
left behind in the race as they would be disadvantaged if a war were to break out.
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THE KOREAN WAR
Peace talks began in 1951, and little fighting happened up until 1953 where it was agreed that the
frontier would remain the 38th parallel.…read more

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THE IMPORTANCE OF THE KOREAN WAR
Cold War was extended to the Far East
Showed that Truman was prepared to stick to the Truman Doctrine
Showed that the superpowers did not want to make the cold war a `hot' war
It marked the emergence of China, as a world power
The UN had resisted an act of aggression
The Soviets were not directly involved, they only supplied weapons
Closest the superpowers had come to direct fighting
The division of Korea was now permanent
THE `THAW'…read more

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