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Plate Tectonics and Associated Hazards
Kobe Earthquake, 1995


Where: northern end of Awaji Island, 20 km away from the city of Kobe.

When: 5:46 a.m. on Tuesday, January 17, 1995

Magnitude: 7.2

Length: 20 seconds

Focus location: less than 20 km below Awajishima, an island in the Japan
Inland Sea.…

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Left Homeless: 300,000

Cost: $102.5 billion


Primary Effects:
Building collapse
o Most of the deaths and injuries occurred when older woodframe houses with heavy
clay tile roofs collapsed. ­ designed to be very strong in vertical position but are
susceptible to horizontal ground movement
o Many of the structures in…

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o At the port, cranes tilted or fell and 120 (out of 150) quays where ships were
moored were destroyed. Port buildings and their contents were badly damaged in
many places.
o Between 3% and 5% of Japan's industry is located in and around Kobe. from light
manufacturing to hightechnology…

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Japan is one of the best places for earthquake response, as its rescue services are specially
trained to work effectively in the event of the disaster. They also have a earthquake
preparation day on 12th January, the anniversary of the Kobe earthquake.

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