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History ­ HY 4 Miss Bromfield's Course

The General Strike of 1926:
General strike is a strike which involves most major industries.
This strike lasted 9 days with 2 main causes, problems in the coal industry and changes
in the trade union movement.

Problems with the Coal Industry:
PreWW1 British…

Page 2

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Just preWW1 the British trade union movement were bigger and stronger than ever
before, and in 191014 there were many strikes in various industries, some official and
some unofficial.
The 1910 railway strike, boiler man strike, cotton workers and miner's strike.
In 1911 there was a huge Docker's strike and…

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The money ran out by May 1926 and wages would be cut again. Baldwin and the
government knew a general strike would happen. The commission reported its findings
in March `26 and couldn't find a solution to mining problems.
It agreed with a plan to cut wages, but didn't agree…

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Calling off the strike had huge implications for the TUC. Workers didn't trust them
anymore. Returning workers were also punished for striking, those who were seen as ring
leaders were immediately sacked.
Baldwin's government passed the Trade Disputes Act in 1927 banning General strikes
and sympathy strikes. The general strike…

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Most within the Labour movement thought it was immoral to impose the double burden of
unemployment and reduced benefits but MacDonald and Snowden insisted the cuts were
They were willing to reduce payments to the unemployed but only 10% rather than 20%,
but it became clear that this didn't…

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cruisers, destroyers and submarines, and they also agreed to limit the armament of
submarines and to a 5 year naval holiday in battleship construction.
Baldwin had by the summer of 1931 achieved the remarkable feat of roundly defeating
two of the countries most powerful vested interests, trade unionism and millionaire…

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By 1928 share prices were determined not by trading prospects of concerns whose
shares were bought but by conviction of investors in general that share values were bound
to go on increasing.
The crash deepened the slump by bringing an end t o the fold of US loans abroad and…

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There was contrary pressure on MacDonald, and the TUC infuriated MacDonald and
Snowden by rejecting the claim that the situation threatened immediate catastrophe and
made counterproposals.
The maintenance of the gold standard and high international value of sterling preserved the
rate of interest on Government, and Bevin saw the Government…

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There was a demand for an independent Conservative appeal to the electors on the issue
of a tariff. This would wreck the National Government, owing to the theological
adherence to Free Trade and was likely to rally the scattered but angry hosts of Labour.
The 3 parties forming the government…

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Policies towards the export trade also illustrated the confusion of the Government's
actions and achievements of only partial success. However, by the coal act of 1938
royalties were nationalised (with compensation to owners) and a belated attempt was
made to give added strength to the Reorganisation Commission.
The Government's contribution…


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