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Synoptic HY4 Notes

The Rise of the Labour Party:
The rise of Labour stemmed, fundamentally, from the harsh working and living
conditions of late 19th century Britain.
In 1884 intellectuals formed the Social Democratic Federation, the Socialist League and
Fabians Society, which varied in character from the revolutionary to the…

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The working class benefited from the war years. Wage rates doubled, working weeks
were averagely 7 hours less and food rationing meant many could afford meat for the
first time.
Main impact of the war was to improve conditions for the industrial working class and
women who were rewarded. John…

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The early years of the 1930s were blighted by the Wall Street Crash and consequent
depression.
Although the 30s were not as bad as the stock images of the hunger marchers and dole
queues suggest, there can be no doubt they were indeed bad in certain areas, especially
in industrialised…

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Impact of WWII:
Arthur Marwick suggests that one of the main impacts of war was the participation by
groups not usually valued by governments so leading to unguided social change.
The main impact of the war was to improve conditions for the industrial working class
and women who were rewarded…

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Today the ideas that were outlined in the Beveridge Report are still considered to
provide the foundation of the modern welfare state.
Beveridge report was designed to counter the 5 giants and Beveridge recommended the
establishment of an NHS, NI, family allowances and stressed the importance of full
employment.
Although…

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worship should be of a broadly Christian message unless such a message was deemed
to be inappropriate for a particular school or group of children.
The amendment specified the act of worship could take place in classes, rather than the
previous system of conducting worship assemblies.

Labour Government 194551 ­…

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Flat rate contributions in return for flat rate benefits, with unemployment and sickness
benefits, maternity grants and allowances, allowances for dependents, retirement
pensions and £20 death grant.
The final plank in the vessel, the National Assistance Act redesigned the means tested
safety net to be stretched below the minimum platform…

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The cost of the NHS exploded with medicines costing more than expected. To try and
combat the government begun to charge for glasses and false teeth, in 1952 adding the
costs of prescriptions and dental treatment.
However few people wanted to turn the clock back. In 1956 90% of the…

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