Background (1945-1951)

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BY 1945:

  • Exhausted by 6 years of war
  • Industry worn out and ill prepared for the post-war world
  • Calls for change in regards to the Empire
  • 'The Nuclear world'
  • Special relationship with USA
  • The start of the cold war/USSR?

Reasons for Labour win (1945):

Conservative handicaps:

  • Was out of touch 
  • Churchill was 'not suitable' for peace time
  • Inability to manage the economy and high levels of unemployment
  • Failure of Hitler appeasment policy
  • Ill judged/unconcvincing campaign

Labour promises:

  • Development of a welfare state (e.g benefits, 'cradle to grave' support)
    • The National Assistance Act
    • The National Insurance Act
    • Industrial Injuries Act
    • NHS
  • Land given to the worn out troops
  • Removal of the hated means test
  • Nationalisation of key industries
  • A willingness to run 'deficit budgeting' rather than balanced

Economics:

Britain was bankrupt, dependent on lend lease from USA and the industry was in desperate need of investment. The blizzard of 1947 highlights these…

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