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Unipolar Depression
Features
Also known as clinical depression, or major depressive disorder, unipolar depression is a mood
disorder, characterised by varying degrees of sadness, disappointment, loneliness, hopelessness and
guilt. It is a relatively common mental health disorder, with an estimated 3.5 million sufferers in the UK.

Unipolar disorder should be…

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reduction of physical movements as the simple seem impossible) present nearly
every day reported by the subject or by other's observations.

The symptoms must not meet the criteria for a mixed episode or bereavement (more
than 2months and marked by functional impairment) or be due to the direct
psychological effects…

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The psychodynamic model of depression (Freud 1917)

Some cases of depression can be linked to childhood experiences of loss or rejection in the family
that altered the forming personality.
Adult depression is a type of delayed mourning for this childhood loss, it occurs when a child's anger
about being separated…

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meta analysi
s f
o und 23/
24
of
t h e
studi
e s show ed
p sychodynami c t
h erapies
are as
ef
fecti
ve as
st an dar
d
therapi
es
N ICE (2004)
r eco mme nds BD T for
comp l
ex cases of…

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NICE (2004) recommend psychodynamic therapies for more complex depression cases as it
is shown that not all patients benefit from it.
The therapy relies on the assumption that the individual can change their own thought
patterns and control their beliefs, so this isn't a treatment which everyone will get results…

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(significant at p<0.001).
Of those who had a life event, 33% of those who developed depression had negative evaluation of the self
and 13% did not.
Low self-esteem had no effect on vulnerability to depression unless a provoking agent occurred, then it
increased the likelihood.
Where a woman had said…

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