First 235 words of the document:
Evaluation of Beck's cognitive theory of depression
Many psychologists argue that there may be a link between negative thinking and
depression, but it is difficult to establish cause and effect between the two. This is
because depressed individuals are generally more negative in the way in which they think
compared to non-depressed individuals; but it is not known whether the depressed
individual was negative in their thinking before they were depressed, or after. This
supports Beck's idea that depressed individuals are overly negative in the way they think.
The process of thinking in depressed individuals has been explained, but the disorder has
not. Some psychologists argue that this theory is simplistic and deterministic in the sense
that it has over simplified the theory of depression; Beck's theory is also seen to be
reductionist as it fails to acknowledge that other factors, apart from cognitive ones, may
The idea of Cognitive behavioural therapy supports Beck's theory of depression.
Research has found that Cognitive Behavioural therapy is as effective in treating
depression as anti-depressants; this supports the fact that depression is a cognitive
disorder, just as Beck claimed.
The cognitive biases which Beck identified show a strong link between depression and
negative, faulty thinking and therefore support Beck's theory of depression.