- Cromwell's Foreign Policy
- Dutch- peace with Treaty of Westminster, 1654: enabled trade, made ally and cut off the Stuarts
- Spain- failure of Western Design- didn't capture San Domingo but did Jamaica. 'God's disapproval'
- France- generous Spanish treaty and Vaudois Massacre led to diplomatic pressure. France still became an ally.
- Baltic- Cromwell protected trade interest by making peace with Denmark and Sweden in 1658.
- As Capp argues, the navy was significantly increased and became effective in overcoming the majority of England's 'enemies'
- Royalist Clarendon; 'greatness at home just a shadow of the glory he had abroad'