Conservative Decline and the Rise of New Labour - Politics (AQA compete notes 13/16)

These notes are for the 'Making of Modern Britain' course on AQA and as such follow the spec, although would be useful for all modern britian courses. They contain hystoriography, detail and explanations. 

The notes are devided into the sections of the spec, therefore there are 16 documents (as there are 4 areas (politics, economics, society, and foriegn policy) and there are 4 periods (Post war, Wilson + heath, Thatcher, and Blair)). 

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  • Created by: tom baker
  • Created on: 08-10-15 21:51

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Page 1

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Conservative
Decline
and
the
Rise
of
`New
Labour',
1990-2007
-
Politics



The
leadership
of
Major
and
growing
internal
divisions
in
the
Conservative
party

after
1992;
the
revival
of
Labour
under
Kinnock,
Smith
and
Blair;
the
reasons
for

Labour's
victory
in
1997;
and
the
subsequent
victories,
2001
and
2005



John
Major…

Page 2

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o It
was
a
rapid
rise
­
sixteenth
months
earlier
he
had
been
Chief

Secretary
to
the
Treasury,
so
not
long
in
each
place.

o Clarke
has
argued
that
Major
wasn't
groomed
for
the
role
­
he

claims
that
Major
stumbled
into
it.

- He
had
remained
quiet
during
the…

Page 3

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o He
claimed
a
victory
for
Britain
over
negotiations
­
but
it
was
a
hollow

one.


Social
Policy
moves


- 1990
Employment
Act

o An
Act
to
make
it
unlawful
to
refuse
employment,
or
any
service
of

an
employment
agency,
on
grounds
related
to
trade
union

membership;
to
amend
the…

Page 4

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Historiography



- Marr
says
the
main
reason
major
won
the
Conservative
leadership
was

because
he
wasn't
Heseltine
or
the
other
one.

- John
Keegan
says
that
Major
was
`the
dreariest
Prime
Minister
of
the
post

war
period'.



Opposition





Labour


- Labour
was
doing
much
better
than
it
had
at
any…

Page 5

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Political
strategy



- Tried
to
keep
the
party
together,
due
to
very
small
majority.

o The
Conservatives
received
over
14
million
votes
­
their
highest

ever
­
but
had
a
majority
of
21.

- He
found
himself
overcome
by
three
issues
which
got
in
the
way:

o Europe
and
Maastricht…

Page 6

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- Thatcher
had
gone,
which
made
the
conservatives
more
likeable,
it

also
meant
her
very
unpopular
policies,
such
as
the
Poll
Tax,
had
also

gone.


Northern
Ireland



- 1991
IRA
rocket
was
fired
at
Downing
Street
during
a
cabinet
meeting.


- Secret
correspondence
from
Sinn
Fein
to
Downing
Street
began…

Page 7

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o Honoured
election
pledge
to
give
above
inflation
increase
to
NHS

spending.

o Reforms
were
unpopular.


! Seemed
to
cost
lots
of
money
for
bureaucrats
without

raising
care
and
reducing
waiting
times.


o Many
hospitals
closed
down.



o Introduced
GP
fund
holding
and
patient
choice.


o Reduced
hospital
waiting
lists.…

Page 8

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- The
ERM
fiasco
of
September
1992
had
not
calmed
the
fears
of
many

in
both
parties
over
Europe.
Many
in
the
Tory
and
in
the
Labour
Party

were
concerned
with
the
increased
possibility
of
loss
of
sovereignty.


- July
1993
­
there
was
a
Euro-rebellion
by
the
Euro-rebels
in…

Page 9

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o Major
may
have
offered
Heseltine
the
deputy
leadership
in
order

to
get
him
on
side,
as
he
then
supported
Major
strongly.

o Many
speculated
Portillo
would
run,
but
he
didn't
so
therefore

John
Redwood
was
the
best
going.

- The
win
led
to
a
cabinet
reshuffle,
but
there
remained…

Page 10

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- Even
well
known
conservatives
lost
their
seats,
including
Michael

Portillo,
David
Mellor,
Norman
Lamont
and
Malcom
Rifkind.


- Neil
Hamilton
was
beaten
by
BBC
correspondent
Martin
Bell,
who
was

standing
as
an
independent.





Historiography



- Hennessy


o Major's
victory
in
1992
was
a
personal
and
political
triumph
in

some…

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