Slides in this set
EXTENT OF COLONISATION IN
Many parts of Africa were colonised by the British and other Europeans
British manufacturers saw colonialism as a way of obtaining cheap raw materials
and markets for their products.
By 1914 there was only one country in Africa that was independent; Ethiopia.
The British navy had 100,000 men the worlds largest navy! Proving that military
power was an important factor in maintaining rule.
British empire very cheap to defend e.g. 1848; £40 million for the defence budget,
which was 2.5% of GDP a little higher than today.…read more
HOW DID THE EUROPEANS
TREAT THE NATIVES?
After establishing trade through salt, spices and gold they took advantage
through the capturing of millions of slaves.
Although some slave trading was done with the co-operation of tribal
leaders most was done using force, causing the "lost generation of healthy
Between 1550 and 1850 8 million West Africans were taken to Brazil as
slaves causing splitting of families.…read more
Indigenous people were forced to work in mines, tobacco and sugar
Were vulnerable to smallpox and syphilis
British rulers created sugar plantations by taking over land that was
previously owned by the indigenous people. When many of the
natives died, people from Western Africa were brought over to work
in their place; through slavery.…read more
IMPACT OF COLONISATION
THEN AND TODAY
Slavery was a huge drain on African society it is estimated that
between 10 and 28 million people were sent overseas.
Settlers that colonised the Western Africa brought with them disease
which killed millions.
The Western cultures were imposed on African natives.…read more