cold war

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Michael Cresswell 11SB History Revision on Cold War 14/7/2012
Origins of the Cold War 194555,
Why did USA and USSR become rivals in the years 194549?
Ideological Differences and effects
Causes Main Events (Differences) Results
Roosevelt died in America was the richest (bigger difference Led to bad relations.
1945 he was between rich and poor). Russia the biggest Disagreements at the Yalta and
replaced by (smaller difference between rich and poor). Potsdam conferences.
Truman who was America had a democracy with free elections The Cold War (a war of words).
strongly led by elected president. Russia a oneparty
anticommunist. state led by a dictator. (Were elections but
Huge differences could only vote for the Communist Party.
between politics, America had freedom of speech but Russia
lifestyle and aims. State controlled, there was censorship, secret
police, terror and purges.
Capitalism in America with private ownership
and right to make money. Communism with
Stalin state ownership of means of
production, and the belief that wealth would
be shared.
Stalin hated Capitalism, Truman hated
Communism.
America had atomic bomb, Russia biggest
army in the world.
America feared spread of communism,
Russia angry because America and Britain
invaded Russia in 191819 to try to destroy
communism.
America hated NaziSoviet Pact that helped
start WW2. Russia annoyed that America and
Britain delayed opening the second front so
that Germany and Russia destroyed each
other on East front.
America wanted reconstruction ­ to make
Germany a prosperous democracy and trading
partner. But Russia wanted to wreck
Germany and take huge reparations for the
damage done at war, and wanted to set up a
buffer of friendly states around Russia to
prevent invasion in future.
Yalta and Potsdam Conferences
Yalta (February 1945):
Causes Disagreements Agreements (results)
In February 1945 it Stalin argued that the Stalin agreed to enter war on Japan when
was clear that border of USSR should be Germany was defeated.
Germany was losing moved west into Poland,
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Michael Cresswell 11SB History Revision on Cold War 14/7/2012
the European war, so and that Poland extends Germany (and Berlin because it was deep in
the Allied leaders their border into Germany Soviet Zone) would be split into four zones
met at Yalta in so that they didn't lose (American, British, French, and Soviet).
Ukraine to plan what much territory. Churchill Hunt down and punish war criminals that were
would happen to didn't approve but knew responsible for genocide.…read more

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Michael Cresswell 11SB History Revision on Cold War 14/7/2012
casualties (estimated another 220,000 9th August 1945, Also the USSR were suspicious of
casualties) in another year of war. Nagasaki bomb Truman because he didn't tell the
The alternative came from the men dropped and USSR about the bomb.
working on the "Manhattan Project" killed 36,000
which had perfected the world's first people.
nuclear bomb.
Truman also wanted to scare the
Soviet Union.…read more

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Michael Cresswell 11SB History Revision on Cold War 14/7/2012
Churchill sent in British troops so free elections were restored, and in country who
1945 the monarchists were in power (who the British supported) was threatened
In 1946 the USSR protested saying that British troops were a threat to by communist
peace, but the United Nations (UN) took no action. takeover.
So the communists tried to take over and as a result a civil war Truman's aim
developed.…read more

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Michael Cresswell 11SB History Revision on Cold War 14/7/2012
Germany, and a This plan was clever because Although there were still shortages, Berlin
new currency. if the Allies used tanks to ram survived. And by May 1949, it was clear
the road blocks then Stalin that the blockade was not going to stop the
would see it as an act of war. Allies, so Stalin reopened communications.
The US didn't give up since they
thought that the next zones of
Germany would be next.…read more

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Michael Cresswell 11SB History Revision on Cold War 14/7/2012
troops, and call them to October 1950: the UN pushes the
withdraw their troops. communists up close to the river Yalu.
Jan 1951: communists then advanced
back over the 38th Parallel.
July 1953: but the UN advanced back to
the 38th Parallel to the city of
Panmunjom and the border settled on the
38th Parallel.…read more

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Michael Cresswell 11SB History Revision on Cold War 14/7/2012
And Hungarians lived in fear of the secret couldn't accept the Hungarians fled to Austria to
police and the thousands of Soviet troops leaving of the escape communist forces.
and officials in their country, worst of all Warsaw Pact. So in Imre Nagy and his fellow leaders
they paid for it. November 1956 were imprisoned then executed.…read more

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Michael Cresswell 11SB History Revision on Cold War 14/7/2012
1950: US Strategic Air Command Gary Powers shot Powers was sentenced to 10
began spy flights over the USSR was shot down in years in Soviet prison but was
without permission from Truman. May 1960, after exchanged for Abel, a Soviet
When Truman found out, he Soviet advance in spy.
banned them because they went missile technology. Dramatic decrease in
into Soviet airspace. President SovietUS relations.…read more

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Michael Cresswell 11SB History Revision on Cold War 14/7/2012
The Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962 the effect of Castro's seizure of power in Cuba, Kennedy and the Bay of Pigs
Khrushchev and the missile crisis of 1962, Kennedy's response, the danger to the world, the results of the crisis the
effect on Kennedy and Khrushchev
Causes Main Events Results
Cuba had long been an May 1962: USSR publically announced it was Cuba stayed
American Ally, since Americans supplying Cuba with arms, and by September the communist…read more

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Michael Cresswell 11SB History Revision on Cold War 14/7/2012
Alexander Dubcek Since Czechoslovakia had the strongest compared to Hungary. Also
became leader in 1967 industry and was centrally placed, it was an Dubcek not executed, unlike
who proposed important member of the Warsaw Pact. Nagy.…read more

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