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1945 ­ 55 - Progress

Economic:

Pay not the same for Blacks and Whites ­ average wage for African American around $3.00
an hour ­ for Whites much more.
Whites more likely to be employed ­ in 1945 in New York City ­ 12% of African Americans
unemployed compared to…

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1955 ­ 1968 ­ Progress


Economic:

Montgomery Bus Boycott demonstrated economic power of black citizens, but still not
strong as they clearly relied mainly on public transport ­ not cars
In towns like Birmingham ­ African Americans did not do jobs such as being a police officer or
Bus Driver…

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Political:

Selma lead to Voting Rights Act of 1965 which removed the `grandfather clause' and
removed literacy tests used to prevent registering to vote for Africa Americans ­ 230,000
African Americans registered to vote across the south in the year immediately after Act was
passed. But four of the southern…

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Factors:
Divisions in Civil Rights Movement
During 1960s ­ there were a series of ideological splits within the Civil
Rights Movements, relating to things such as methods ,collaboration with
whites, de jure v de facto, and levels of integration
Media presented groups as moderator or radical ­ NAACP and NUL…

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Black Panthers founded in 1966 with a ten-point programme of aims ­
wanted unrealistic things ­ eg full employment for our people, release
of blacks in jails. Meant very difficult to succeed. Used number of
methods ­ `Patrol the Pigs' ­ where Black Panther patrols would
observe police patrols and…

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My Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955-56)
Little Little Rock (1957)
Green Greensboro Sit-Ins (1960)
Frog Freedom Rides (1961)
Always Albany (1962)
Buys Birmingham (1963)
White Washington (1963)
Socks Selma (1965)
Who? Where? What? Why? Outcome?
Brown v. Topeka (1954) ­ Supreme Court decision that challenged segregation/separation of
schools. No de facto…

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