China - Emerging Superpower

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Francesca China Case Study Revision Sheet
China ­ The Emerging Superpower
Where is China located?
Where does it rank in size compared to other BRIC
countries?
China is the 3rd
largest country in the world.
Its land area is 9
.7million k
m sq.
The other BRIC countries compare:
o Russia ­ 1st ­
17 million km sq.
th
o Brazil ­ 5 ­ 8.5 million km sq.
th
o India ­ 7 ­3.2 million km sq.
Where does it rank in population compared to other BRIC countries?
China has the largestpopulation out of the BRIC nations with a population of 1
367 million
The other BRIC countries compare:
o India ­ 2nd
­1270 million
th
o Brazil ­ 5 ­198.4 million
o Russia ­ 8th
­146 million
How far
has
China

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Francesca China Case Study Revision Sheet
become a Superpower?
Key Superpower Indicator ­ Economy:
Since 1980s economy has doubled in size every 8 years
Largest sustained GDP growth in history
No longer a low income country
Accounted for 90% of the global increase in sea traffic this century
Iron ore imports grew 24% in 4 months in 2007
Responsible for 33% of world's output of steel ­ 500 million tonnes
o 4x bigger the USA
o Used mainly for domestic consumption
Construction boomed due to…read more

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Francesca China Case Study Revision Sheet
Military:
Spending ­ US$122.2billion
Largest military spender in Asia
Possession of nuclear weapons
How did China rise to challenge for Superpower status?
The country was held back after the communist party seized power in 1949 keeping the
country disconnected from the rest of the world. The party planned the economy
centrally with goods only being produced to meet the needs of China's people. There was
no intention or plan of growing to a global power.…read more

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Francesca China Case Study Revision Sheet
It has over taken USA as the world's largest consumer
o 2004 ­ consumed 382 million tonnes of wheat // USA 287 million tonnes
o 2006 ­ consumed 67 million tonnes of meat // USA 39 million tonnes
o 2006 China consumed 258 consumed 258 million tonnes of steel // USA
104 million tonnes
The policy created some good will among the Chinese toward the Americans.
Americans also began to think of China as a friend of the US.…read more

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Francesca China Case Study Revision Sheet
utilize their sulphur while reducing the underground water supplies in 90 percent
amount of pollution produced. of the cites are contaminated
ECONOMIC:
China understands the need to invest in Many of the Chinese institutions of higher
its innovation engine. In 2008, China education receiving governmental R&D
spent $66 billion in R&D, the highest grant money experience alarmingly high
amount of any developing nation and the rates of academic dishonesty. And even
fourth-highest in the world.…read more

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